Extrarenal Wilms' tumor is extremely rare and occurs predominantly in children. Eight cases of extrarenal Wilms' tumor were reported to the National Wilms' Tumor Study from 1980 to 1986. Patients were followed in the study and not randomized to a particular treatment protocol. Seven patients had a favorable histology. One tumor located in the sacrococcygeal region showed immature teratoma with nephroblastic tissue. The embryogenesis of extrarenal Wilms' tumor is controversial; however, tumor containing teratomatous elements most likely represents a different embryologic origin and, therefore, should be classified separately. All eight patients were treated with operative excision and chemotherapy. Seven of the eight patients were disease-free with a mean follow-up of 34.3 months. It can be inferred from this small group of patients that the prognosis is comparable to intrarenal Wilms' tumor in the National Wilms' Tumor Study.
- Wilms' tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health