Microsporidia are highly specialized obligate intracellular organisms that are closely related to fungi. Although traditionally associated with diarrheal illness in patients with AIDS, extraintestinal infections involving various organs have been reported with increasing frequency in the past decade, particularly in immunocompromised hosts. Diagnosis is usually accomplished by light microscopic identification of spores in body fluids and tissues, using a variety of stains. Transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence assays, or molecular methods are necessary for identification to the genus and species level. Early diagnosis is essential for preventing the significant associated morbidity and mortality of extraintestinal microsporidiosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)