Perineural spread has been described in multiple neoplasms of neural and non-neural origin. The peripheral nervous system may represent a highway by which tumors can spread throughout the body. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a neoplasm arising from peripheral nerves with high rates of local recurrence and distant metastases, leading to a poor 5-year overall survival. In many cases, the optimal treatment involves wide en bloc excision with negative margins as well as chemotherapy and radiation. Even in cases of negative surgical margins, recurrence rates are high, suggesting possible skip lesions or very distant infiltration along the involved nerve. We report a case of high-grade MPNST of the sciatic nerve with post-mortem dissection and histopathologic characterization of perineural spread of microscopic disease to sites significantly proximal and distal to areas with evidence of gross disease, which may help to explain the high rates of local and distal recurrence in MPNST.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology