Extensions to the Speech Disorders Classification System (SDCS)

Lawrence D. Shriberg, Marios Fourakis, Sheryl D. Hall, Heather B. Karlsson, Heather L. Lohmeier, Jane L. McSweeny, Nancy L. Potter, Alison R. Scheer-Cohen, Edythe A. Strand, Christie M. Tilkens, David L. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations


This report describes three extensions to a classification system for paediatric speech sound disorders termed the Speech Disorders Classification System (SDCS). Part I describes a classification extension to the SDCS to differentiate motor speech disorders from speech delay and to differentiate among three sub-types of motor speech disorders. Part II describes the Madison Speech Assessment Protocol (MSAP), an ∼ 2-hour battery of 25 measures that includes 15 speech tests and tasks. Part III describes the Competence, Precision, and Stability Analytics (CPSA) framework, a current set of ∼ 90 perceptual- and acoustic-based indices of speech, prosody, and voice used to quantify and classify sub-types of Speech Sound Disorders (SSD). A companion paper provides reliability estimates for the perceptual and acoustic data reduction methods used in the SDCS. The agreement estimates in the companion paper support the reliability of SDCS methods and illustrate the complementary roles of perceptual and acoustic methods in diagnostic analyses of SSD of unknown origin. Examples of research using the extensions to the SDCS described in the present report include diagnostic findings for a sample of youth with motor speech disorders associated with galactosemia, and a test of the hypothesis of apraxia of speech in a group of children with autism spectrum disorders. All SDCS methods and reference databases running in the PEPPER (Programs to Examine Phonetic and Phonologic Evaluation Records) environment will be disseminated without cost when complete.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)795-824
Number of pages30
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • Apraxia
  • Articulation
  • Dysarthria
  • Genetics
  • Phonology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


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