Transgenic mouse lines have been developed that express the tv-a receptor under the control of the chicken β-actin promoter. These mice express the tv-a receptor in most or all tissues and in the early embryo. An avian leukosis virus (ALV)-based retroviral vector system was used for the efficient delivery of genes into preimplantation mouse embryos from these transgenic lines. Experimental animals could be generated quickly and easily by infecting susceptible blastocysts with ALV-based retroviral vectors. Expression of the delivered genes was controlled by either the constitutive viral promoter contained in the long terminal repeat or an internal nonviral tissue-specific promoter. Mating the infected founder chimeric animals produced animals that carry the ALV provirus as a transgene. A subset of the integrated proviruses expressed the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene from either the promoter in the long terminal repeat or an internal promoter, which we believe indicates that many of the sites that are accessible to viral DNA insertion in preimplantation embryos are incompatible with expression in older animals. This approach should prove useful for studies on murine cell lineage and development, providing models for studying oncogenesis, and testing gene therapy strategies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1996|
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