Brain metastases (BMs) are common complications of adenocarcinomas (ADCs) of the lung and are associated with a poor prognosis. Although an increasing amount of data indicates that dysregulated activity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) can influence the metastatic potential of various tumors, the role of mTOR complexes in the development of BMs from ADCs of the lung is largely unknown. To estimate mTOR activity, we studied the expression of mTOR-related proteins (mTORC1: p-mTOR, p-S6; mTORC2: p-mTOR, Rictor) in primary (n = 67) and brain metastatic (n = 67) lung ADCs, including 15 paired tissue samples, using immunohistochemistry and tissue microarrays. Correlation with clinicopathological parameters was also analyzed. Increased p-mTOR, p-S6, and Rictor expressions were observed in 34%, 33%, and 37% of primary ADCs and in 79%, 70%, and 66% of BMs, respectively. Expression of these markers was significantly higher in BMs as compared with primary carcinomas (P < .0001, P < .0001, P < .001). Rictor expression was significantly higher in primary ADCs of the paired cases with BMs as compared with primary ADCs without BMs (67% versus 28%; P < .01). No other statistically significant correlations were found between mTOR activity and clinicopathological parameters. The increased mTORC1/C2 activity in a subset of pulmonary ADCs and the higher incidence of increased mTORC1/C2 activity in BMs suggest that the immunohistochemistry panel for characterizing mTOR activity and its potential predictive and prognostic role warrants further investigations.
- Brain metastasis
- Lung adenocarcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine