Human glandular kallikrein/hK2) protein, like prostate-specific antigen (PSA), is produced mainly in prostatic epithelium. It may be useful as a new diagnostic indicator for prostate cancer. Recently, a number of hK2-specific monoclonal antibodies have been developed that enable us to detect hK2 protein in human prostate tissue, seminal fluid, and sera. Whether hK2 can be expressed, like PSA, in nonprostatic cells is not known. In this study, we have characterized the presence of hK2 in an androgen-responsive breast cancer cell line T47-D at both the protein and mRNA levels with an immunoassay, Western blot analysis, Northern blot analysis, and the reverse transcription-PCR. Using a sensitive immunoassay with monoclonal antibodies to hK2, we found that T47-D cells could be induced with androgens, mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and progestins to produce significantly more hK2 than PSA. Estrogens failed to mimic the effect of the other steroids, blocking instead the stimulatory effect of androgens. Androgen induction of hK2 in T47-D cells was dose dependent. More interestingly, we found that the hK2 in androgen-induced T47-D cell spent media appears to be the pro-form of hK2 rather than mature hK2. Our study demonstrates that hK2, a serine protease thought to be found only in prostate-related tissues and fluids, is also produced in a breast cancer cell line T47-D alter steroid stimulation. This finding suggests that hK2 may have a potential role in breast cancer as well as prostatic cancer and will be the impetus for further studies of hK2 distribution and function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research