Endothelial cell growth and proliferation are critical for angiogenesis; thus, greater insight into the regulation of pathological angiogenesis is greatly needed. Previous studies have reported on chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) expression in epithelial cells and that secretion of CXCL1 from these epithelial cells induces angiogenesis. However, limited reports have demonstrated CXCL1 expression in endothelial cells. In this report, we present data that expand on the role of CXCL1 in human endothelial cells inducing angiogenesis. Specifically, CXCL1 is expressed and secreted from human endothelial cells. Interference of CXCL1 function using neutralizing antibodies resulted in a reduction in endothelial cell migration and viability/ proliferation, the latter associated with a decrease in levels of cyclin D and cdk4. In vitro studies revealed that CXCL1 influenced neoangiogenesis through the regulation of epidermal growth factor and ERK1/2. In a xenograft angiogenesis model, interference of CXCL1 function resulted in inhibition of angiogenesis. A better understanding of the role of CXCL1 in the interactions between the endothelial and epithelial components will provide insight into how human tissues use CXCL1 to survive and thrive in a hostile environment.
- chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1
- endothelial cell
- epidermal growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology