Experimental carpal reverse-flow pedicle vascularized bone grafts. Part I: The anatomical basis of vascularized pedicle bone grafts based on the canine distal radius and ulna

Yuan Kun Tu, Allen T. Bishop, Teiji Kato, Mary L. Adams, Michael B. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the detailed extraosseous and intraosseous vascular anatomy of the distal radius and ulna in 55 pairs of canine forelimbs. Ten specimens were used for compartment identification. One hundred specimens were investigated after intra-arterial injection with red latex or Batson's compound. The extraosseous vascular network, including the nutrient artery location, was studied by delicate dissection and soft tissue digestion. Two superficial and 4 deep arteries were found on the dorsal aspect, with constant relationships to the retinaculum. On the palmar aspect, bony nutrient vessels rose from the branches of the radial artery (descriptive anatomy). The vascular supply of the canine distal forelimb was very consistent and enabled the design of 5 vascularized pedicle bone grafts similar to those described in humans (applied anatomy). These reverse-flow pedicle grafts may be placed in the carpus, allowing the canine forelimb to serve as an experimental model for the study of vascularized carpal bone grafting. Copyright (C) 2000 by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-45
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Canine
  • Carpus
  • Experimental
  • Vascularized bone graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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