We investigated the detailed extraosseous and intraosseous vascular anatomy of the distal radius and ulna in 55 pairs of canine forelimbs. Ten specimens were used for compartment identification. One hundred specimens were investigated after intra-arterial injection with red latex or Batson's compound. The extraosseous vascular network, including the nutrient artery location, was studied by delicate dissection and soft tissue digestion. Two superficial and 4 deep arteries were found on the dorsal aspect, with constant relationships to the retinaculum. On the palmar aspect, bony nutrient vessels rose from the branches of the radial artery (descriptive anatomy). The vascular supply of the canine distal forelimb was very consistent and enabled the design of 5 vascularized pedicle bone grafts similar to those described in humans (applied anatomy). These reverse-flow pedicle grafts may be placed in the carpus, allowing the canine forelimb to serve as an experimental model for the study of vascularized carpal bone grafting. Copyright (C) 2000 by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.
- Vascularized bone graft
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine