Expansion of CD8α+β- cells in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus

Masayuki Shimojima, Takayuki Miyazawa, Mariko Kohmoto, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Yorihiro Nishimura, Ken Maeda, Yukinobu Tohya, Takeshi Mikami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

CD8+ lymphocytes have been subdivided into CD8αβ and CD8αα populations in the peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of humans and in several animal species but have not yet been investigated in cats. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) causes progressive immunological disorders similar to human AIDS. In this study, we analysed CD8+ cells in PBL of FIV-infected or uninfected cats by two-colour flow cytometric analysis. In specific pathogen-free adult cats, feline CD8α+β(high) cells were observed but CD8α+B- cells were not found in significant numbers. On the other hand, not only CD8α+β(high) but also CD8α+β- and CD8α+β(low) cell populations were observed in cats chronically infected with FIV. The expansion of the CD8β(low) or CD8β- subpopulations resulted in the apparent differences in CD4/CD8 ratios depending on the anti-CD8 MAb used. These findings suggest a need to reconsider the CD4/CD8 ratio in studies of FIV infection. Furthermore, we found that the CD8α+B- cell population expressed CD5 at a low level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-94
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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    Shimojima, M., Miyazawa, T., Kohmoto, M., Ikeda, Y., Nishimura, Y., Maeda, K., Tohya, Y., & Mikami, T. (1998). Expansion of CD8α+β- cells in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus. Journal of General Virology, 79(1), 91-94. https://doi.org/10.1099/0022-1317-79-1-91