We previously showed that the Mycoplasma hyorhinis-encoded protein p37 can promote invasion of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner, an effect that was blocked by monoclonal antibodies specific for p37. In this study, we further elucidated changes in growth, morphology and gene expression in prostate cancer cell lines when treated with exogenous p37 protein. Incubation with recombinant p37 caused significant nuclear enlargement, denoting active, anaplastic cells and increased the migratory potential of both PC-3 and DU145 cells. Microarray analysis of p37-treated and untreated cells identified eight gene expression clusters that could be broadly classified into three basic patterns. These were an increase in both cell lines, a decrease in either cell line or a cell line-specific differential trend. The most represented functional gene categories included cell cycle, signal transduction and metabolic factors. Taken together, these observations suggest that p37 potentiates the aggressiveness of prostate cancer and thus molecular events triggered by p37 maybe target for therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology