There is limited information regarding the use of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) in patients with restenotic lesions. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the results of ELCA in patients with restenosis following prior PTCA with results obtained in de novo (no restenosis) patients. A retrospective review was obtained of all patients undergoing attempted ELCA at each of the 12 participating clinical investigative centers. There were 620 patients in the prior restenosis group and 949 in the de novo group. Both laser success (88% vs 78%) and procedural success (92% vs 88%) were higher in restenosis lesions compared with de novo lesions (P <0.001). Six‐month follow‐up was available in 40% of patients. Restenosis occurred in 49% of the prior restenosis group vs 44% of the de novo group (P nonsignificant) but death was more common in the de novo group (2.2 vs 0.4%, P = 0.01). ELCA can be performed with a high success rate in patients with restenosis following prior balloon angioplasty but recurrent restenosis following laser procedure remains a significant problem.
- clinical investigative centers
- laser surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine