Evidence for ongoing DNA damage in multiple myeloma cells as revealed by constitutive phosphorylation of H2AX

D. K. Walters, X. Wu, R. C. Tschumper, B. K. Arendt, P. M. Huddleston, K. J. Henderson, Angela Dispenzieri, Diane F Jelinek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are deleterious lesions that can lead to chromosomal anomalies, genomic instability and cancer. The histone protein H2AX has an important role in the DNA damage response (DDR) and the presence of phospho-H2AX (γH2AX) nuclear foci is the hallmark of DSBs. We hypothesize that ongoing DNA damage provides a mechanism by which chromosomal abnormalities and intratumor heterogeneity are acquired in malignant plasma cells (PCs) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Therefore, we assessed PCs from patients with the premalignant condition, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and MM, as well as human MM cell lines (HMCLs) for evidence of DSBs. γH2AX foci were detected in 2/5 MGUS samples, 37/40 MM samples and 6/6 HMCLs. Notably, the DSB response protein 53BP1 colocalized with γH2AX in both MM patient samples and HMCLs. Treatment with wortmannin decreased phosphorylation of H2AX and suggests phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases and/or PI3-kinase-like family members underlie the presence of γH2AX foci in MM cells. Taken together, these data imply that ongoing DNA damage intensifies across the disease spectrum of MGUS to MM and may provide a mechanism whereby clonal evolution occurs in the monoclonal gammopathies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1344-1353
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Multiple Myeloma
DNA Damage
Phosphorylation
Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance
Plasma Cells
Cell Line
Clonal Evolution
Paraproteinemias
1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
Double-Stranded DNA Breaks
Genomic Instability
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Chromosome Aberrations
Histones
Neoplasms
Proteins

Keywords

  • ATR
  • DNA damage
  • H2AX
  • myeloma
  • PI3-kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cancer Research
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Walters, D. K., Wu, X., Tschumper, R. C., Arendt, B. K., Huddleston, P. M., Henderson, K. J., ... Jelinek, D. F. (2011). Evidence for ongoing DNA damage in multiple myeloma cells as revealed by constitutive phosphorylation of H2AX. Leukemia, 25(8), 1344-1353. https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2011.94

Evidence for ongoing DNA damage in multiple myeloma cells as revealed by constitutive phosphorylation of H2AX. / Walters, D. K.; Wu, X.; Tschumper, R. C.; Arendt, B. K.; Huddleston, P. M.; Henderson, K. J.; Dispenzieri, Angela; Jelinek, Diane F.

In: Leukemia, Vol. 25, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 1344-1353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walters DK, Wu X, Tschumper RC, Arendt BK, Huddleston PM, Henderson KJ et al. Evidence for ongoing DNA damage in multiple myeloma cells as revealed by constitutive phosphorylation of H2AX. Leukemia. 2011 Aug;25(8):1344-1353. https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2011.94
Walters, D. K. ; Wu, X. ; Tschumper, R. C. ; Arendt, B. K. ; Huddleston, P. M. ; Henderson, K. J. ; Dispenzieri, Angela ; Jelinek, Diane F. / Evidence for ongoing DNA damage in multiple myeloma cells as revealed by constitutive phosphorylation of H2AX. In: Leukemia. 2011 ; Vol. 25, No. 8. pp. 1344-1353.
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