Evidence-based systematic review: Effects of nonspeech oral motor exercises on speech

Rebecca J. McCauley, Edythe Strand, Gregory L. Lof, Tracy Schooling, Tobi Frymark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the current evidence for the use of oral motor exercises (OMEs) on speech (i.e., speech physiology, speech production, and functional speech outcomes) as a means of supporting further research and clinicians' use of evidence-based practice. Method: The peer-reviewed literature from 1960 to 2007 was searched for articles examining the use of OMEs to affect speech physiology, production, or functional outcomes (i.e., intelligibility). Articles that met selection criteria were appraised by 2 reviewers and vetted by a 3rd for methodological quality, then characterized as efficacy or exploratory studies. Results: Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria; of these, 8 included data relevant to the effects of OMEs on speech physiology, 8 on speech production, and 8 on functional speech outcomes. Considerable variation was noted in the participants, interventions, and treatment schedules. The critical appraisals identified significant weaknesses in almost all studies. Conclusions: Insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of OMEs to produce effects on speech was found in the research literature. Discussion is largely confined to a consideration of the need for more well-designed studies using well-described participant groups and alternative bases for evidence-based practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-360
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Fingerprint

evidence
physiology
Evidence-Based Practice
Speech Intelligibility
Research
Patient Selection
Appointments and Schedules
inclusion
Group
literature

Keywords

  • Evidence-based systematic review
  • Oral motor treatment
  • Speech disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Evidence-based systematic review : Effects of nonspeech oral motor exercises on speech. / McCauley, Rebecca J.; Strand, Edythe; Lof, Gregory L.; Schooling, Tracy; Frymark, Tobi.

In: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.11.2009, p. 343-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCauley, Rebecca J. ; Strand, Edythe ; Lof, Gregory L. ; Schooling, Tracy ; Frymark, Tobi. / Evidence-based systematic review : Effects of nonspeech oral motor exercises on speech. In: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 2009 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 343-360.
@article{f48900b26152440ba73befba9cb5b2c3,
title = "Evidence-based systematic review: Effects of nonspeech oral motor exercises on speech",
abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the current evidence for the use of oral motor exercises (OMEs) on speech (i.e., speech physiology, speech production, and functional speech outcomes) as a means of supporting further research and clinicians' use of evidence-based practice. Method: The peer-reviewed literature from 1960 to 2007 was searched for articles examining the use of OMEs to affect speech physiology, production, or functional outcomes (i.e., intelligibility). Articles that met selection criteria were appraised by 2 reviewers and vetted by a 3rd for methodological quality, then characterized as efficacy or exploratory studies. Results: Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria; of these, 8 included data relevant to the effects of OMEs on speech physiology, 8 on speech production, and 8 on functional speech outcomes. Considerable variation was noted in the participants, interventions, and treatment schedules. The critical appraisals identified significant weaknesses in almost all studies. Conclusions: Insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of OMEs to produce effects on speech was found in the research literature. Discussion is largely confined to a consideration of the need for more well-designed studies using well-described participant groups and alternative bases for evidence-based practice.",
keywords = "Evidence-based systematic review, Oral motor treatment, Speech disorders",
author = "McCauley, {Rebecca J.} and Edythe Strand and Lof, {Gregory L.} and Tracy Schooling and Tobi Frymark",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1044/1058-0360(2009/09-0006)",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "343--360",
journal = "American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology",
issn = "1058-0360",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence-based systematic review

T2 - Effects of nonspeech oral motor exercises on speech

AU - McCauley, Rebecca J.

AU - Strand, Edythe

AU - Lof, Gregory L.

AU - Schooling, Tracy

AU - Frymark, Tobi

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the current evidence for the use of oral motor exercises (OMEs) on speech (i.e., speech physiology, speech production, and functional speech outcomes) as a means of supporting further research and clinicians' use of evidence-based practice. Method: The peer-reviewed literature from 1960 to 2007 was searched for articles examining the use of OMEs to affect speech physiology, production, or functional outcomes (i.e., intelligibility). Articles that met selection criteria were appraised by 2 reviewers and vetted by a 3rd for methodological quality, then characterized as efficacy or exploratory studies. Results: Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria; of these, 8 included data relevant to the effects of OMEs on speech physiology, 8 on speech production, and 8 on functional speech outcomes. Considerable variation was noted in the participants, interventions, and treatment schedules. The critical appraisals identified significant weaknesses in almost all studies. Conclusions: Insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of OMEs to produce effects on speech was found in the research literature. Discussion is largely confined to a consideration of the need for more well-designed studies using well-described participant groups and alternative bases for evidence-based practice.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the current evidence for the use of oral motor exercises (OMEs) on speech (i.e., speech physiology, speech production, and functional speech outcomes) as a means of supporting further research and clinicians' use of evidence-based practice. Method: The peer-reviewed literature from 1960 to 2007 was searched for articles examining the use of OMEs to affect speech physiology, production, or functional outcomes (i.e., intelligibility). Articles that met selection criteria were appraised by 2 reviewers and vetted by a 3rd for methodological quality, then characterized as efficacy or exploratory studies. Results: Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria; of these, 8 included data relevant to the effects of OMEs on speech physiology, 8 on speech production, and 8 on functional speech outcomes. Considerable variation was noted in the participants, interventions, and treatment schedules. The critical appraisals identified significant weaknesses in almost all studies. Conclusions: Insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of OMEs to produce effects on speech was found in the research literature. Discussion is largely confined to a consideration of the need for more well-designed studies using well-described participant groups and alternative bases for evidence-based practice.

KW - Evidence-based systematic review

KW - Oral motor treatment

KW - Speech disorders

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70449111307&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70449111307&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1044/1058-0360(2009/09-0006)

DO - 10.1044/1058-0360(2009/09-0006)

M3 - Article

C2 - 19638484

AN - SCOPUS:70449111307

VL - 18

SP - 343

EP - 360

JO - American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

JF - American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

SN - 1058-0360

IS - 4

ER -