Evaluation of the stability and intratumoral delivery of foreign transgenes encoded by an oncolytic Foamy Virus vector

Karol M. Budzik, Rebecca A. Nace, Yasuhiro H Ikeda, Stephen J. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Foamy Viruses are cell cycle-dependent retroviruses capable of persisting unintegrated in quiescent cells until cell division occurs. This unique ability allows them to target slowly dividing human tumor cells which remains an unmet need in oncolytic virotherapy. We have previously reported the generation of oncolytic Foamy Virus (oFV) vector system and demonstrated its superiority over oncolytic Murine Leukemia Virus vectors in infecting slowly dividing cancer cells. In the present study we evaluated (i) the ability of oFV to carry foreign transgenes and (ii) the genetic stability of these vectors upon serial passage. The thymidine kinase (TK) and inducible caspase 9 (iCasp9) cDNAs could be detected in the oFV backbone for up to 3 in vitro passages. In vivo, GFP-, TK- and iCasp9- carrying oFV vectors propagated efficiently in subcutaneous xenograft glioblastoma tumors and drove transgene expression for up to 66 days. However, in vivo oFV vector spread eventually resulted in complete loss of the iCasp9 cDNA, minor loss of the TK cDNA and negligible loss of the GFP. Our results suggest that oFV is a promising gene delivery platform and that transgenes smaller than 1 kb might be most suitable for oFV arming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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