Purpose: To perform a national analysis of safety, charges, complications, and mortality of percutaneous image-guided renal thermal ablation and compare outcomes by hospital volume. Materials and Methods: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, trends in the proportion of inpatient percutaneous renal thermal ablation procedures performed at high-volume centers in the United States from 2007-2011 were evaluated. In-hospital mortality, discharge to long-term care facility, length of stay, hospitalization charges, and postoperative complications were compared between high-volume and low-volume ablation centers. High volume was set at the 90th percentile for renal thermal ablation volume, which equated to seven or more patients per year. A multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for hospital volume, age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index, obesity, race, and insurance status was performed to analyze the influence of hospital volume on the above-listed outcomes. Results: This study included 874 patients. The number of hospitals ranged from 59-77 depending on year. Overall, 328 patients (37.5%) were treated at high-volume ablation centers. The proportion of patients treated at high-volume centers decreased from 42.0% in 2007-2009 to 28.5% in 2010-2011. High-volume hospitals also performed significantly more partial nephrectomies than low-volume hospitals. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, increasing hospital volume was associated with lower odds of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 0.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.02-0.95) and lower odds of discharge to a long-term care facility (OR = 0.00, 95% CI = 0.00-0.66). Increasing hospital volume was also associated with lower odds of blood transfusion (OR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.72-0.94). Length of stay decreased with increasing hospital volume (P = .03). Conclusions: Patient safety may be maximized when renal ablation is performed at high-volume centers as a result of both greater procedural experience and potentially multidisciplinary triage and periprocedural management.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine