Evaluation of Minimal Important Difference and Responder Definition in the EORTC QLQ-PAN26 Module for Assessing Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Surgically Resected Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Michele Reni, Julia Braverman, Andrew Hendifar, Chung Pin Li, Teresa Macarulla, Do Youn Oh, Hanno Riess, Margaret Tempero, Brian Lu, James Marcus, Namita Joshi, Marc Botteman, Amylou C. Dueck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-PAN26 is widely used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL), its group-level minimal important difference (MID) and individual-level responder definition (RD) are not established; we calculated MID and RD using HRQoL data from the APACT trial in patients with surgically resected pancreatic cancer who received adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: HRQoL was assessed using EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PAN26 at baseline, during treatment, at end of treatment, and during follow-up. Distribution-based MIDs were estimated using 0.5 × baseline standard deviation (SD) and reliability-based (intraclass correlation) standard error of measurement (SEM). Anchor-based MIDs and RDs (anchor, QLQ-C30 overall health) were estimated using a linear mixed model. Results: Overall, 772 patients completed the baseline assessment. Distribution-based MIDs (0.5 × SD) for QLQ-PAN26 scales ranged from 12 to 13, except hepatic symptoms (≈8), pancreatic pain (≈10), and sexual dysfunction (≈17); those for stand-alone items ranged from 12 to 16. The SEM values were similar. Among scales/items sufficiently correlated (r > 0.30) with the anchor, MIDs ranged from 5 to 9. Within-patient QLQ-PAN26 RD estimates varied by direction (deterioration vs. improvement) and scale/item, but all values were lower than the true possible within-patient change (e.g. 16.7 points for a two-item scale) given a one-category change on the raw scale. Conclusions: Compared with distribution-based MIDs, anchor-based MIDs were twice as sensitive in detecting group-level changes in QLQ-PAN26 scales/items. For interpreting clinically meaningful change, RDs cannot be less than the true minimum of the scale. The group-level MID may help clinicians/researchers interpret HRQoL changes. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01964430; Eudra CT 2013-003398-91.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of Minimal Important Difference and Responder Definition in the EORTC QLQ-PAN26 Module for Assessing Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Surgically Resected Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this