Evaluation of beta-blockers and survival among hypertensive patients with renal cell carcinoma

William P. Parker, Christine M. Lohse, Harras B. Zaid, John C. Cheville, Stephen A. Boorjian, Bradley C. Leibovich, R. Houston Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Beta-blocker use is associated with improved survival for multiple nonurologic malignancies. Our objective was to evaluate the association between beta-blocker use and survival among surgically managed hypertensive patients with clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods Hypertensive patients with ccRCC treated with either radical or partial nephrectomy between 2000 and 2010 were identified from our Nephrectomy Registry. Beta-blocker use within 90 days before surgery was identified. The associations between beta-blocker use and risk of disease progression, death from renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and all-cause mortality were assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression models. Results In total, 913 hypertensive patients were identified who underwent either partial or radical nephrectomy for ccRCC. Of these, 104 (11%) had documented beta-blocker use within 90 days before surgery. At last follow-up (median 8.2 y among survivors), 258 patients showed progression (median 1.6 y following surgery), and 369 patients had died (median 4.1 y following surgery), including 138 who died of RCC. After adjusting for PROG (progression-free survival) and SSIGN (cancer-specific survival) scores, beta-blocker use was not significantly associated with the risk of disease progression (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.94; 95% CI: 0.61–1.47; P = 0.80) or the risk of death from RCC (HR = 0.74; 95% CI: 0.38–1.41; P = 0.35). Similarly, on multivariable analysis adjusting for clinicopathologic features, there was not a significant association between beta-blocker use and the risk of all-cause mortality (HR = 0.83; 95% CI: 0.59–1.16; P = 0.27). Conclusions Beta-blocker use for hypertension within 90 days before surgery was not associated with the risk of progression, death from RCC, or death from any cause.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36.e1-36.e6
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Beta-blocker
  • Hypertension
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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    Parker, W. P., Lohse, C. M., Zaid, H. B., Cheville, J. C., Boorjian, S. A., Leibovich, B. C., & Thompson, R. H. (2017). Evaluation of beta-blockers and survival among hypertensive patients with renal cell carcinoma. Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations, 35(1), 36.e1-36.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2016.08.013