Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector

Steven M. Jorgensen, Andrew J. Vercnocke, David S. Rundle, Philip H. Butler, Cynthia H McCollough, Erik L. Ritman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the performance of a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based Medipix3RX x-ray detector as a candidate for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging. This technology was developed at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider. It features an array of 128 by 128, 110 micrometer square pixels, each with eight simultaneous threshold counters, five of which utilize real-time charge summing, significantly reducing the charge sharing between contiguous pixels. Pixel response curves were created by imaging a range of x-ray intensities by varying x-ray tube current and by varying the exposure time with fixed x-ray current. Photon energy-related assessments were made by flooding the detector with the tin foil filtered emission of an I-125 radioisotope brachytherapy seed and sweeping the energy threshold of each of the four charge-summed counters of each pixel in 1 keV steps. Long term stability assessments were made by repeating exposures over the course of one hour. The high properly-functioning pixel yield (99%), long term stability (linear regression of whole-chip response over one hour of acquisitions: y = -0.0038x + 2284; standard deviation: 3.7 counts) and energy resolution (2.5 keV FWHM (single pixel), 3.7 keV FWHM across the full image) make this device suitable for spectral micro-CT. The charge summing performance effectively reduced the measurement corruption caused by charge sharing which, when unaccounted for, shifts the photon energy assignment to lower energies, degrading both count and energy accuracy. Effective charge summing greatly improves the potential for calibrated, energy-specific material decomposition and K edge difference imaging approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII
PublisherSPIE
Volume9969
ISBN (Electronic)9781510603295
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventRadiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 31 2016Sep 1 2016

Other

OtherRadiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/31/169/1/16

Fingerprint

X-ray Detectors
zinc tellurides
x ray detectors
cadmium tellurides
Photon Counting
Zinc
Cadmium
counting
Photons
Pixels
Detectors
Pixel
pixels
X rays
Charge
evaluation
photons
Evaluation
Energy
Full width at half maximum

Keywords

  • charge sharing
  • CZT-based spectral micro-CT
  • Medipix
  • photon counting
  • x-ray microtomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Jorgensen, S. M., Vercnocke, A. J., Rundle, D. S., Butler, P. H., McCollough, C. H., & Ritman, E. L. (2016). Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector. In Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII (Vol. 9969). [99690J] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236501

Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector. / Jorgensen, Steven M.; Vercnocke, Andrew J.; Rundle, David S.; Butler, Philip H.; McCollough, Cynthia H; Ritman, Erik L.

Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII. Vol. 9969 SPIE, 2016. 99690J.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Jorgensen, SM, Vercnocke, AJ, Rundle, DS, Butler, PH, McCollough, CH & Ritman, EL 2016, Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector. in Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII. vol. 9969, 99690J, SPIE, Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII, San Diego, United States, 8/31/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236501
Jorgensen SM, Vercnocke AJ, Rundle DS, Butler PH, McCollough CH, Ritman EL. Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector. In Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII. Vol. 9969. SPIE. 2016. 99690J https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236501
Jorgensen, Steven M. ; Vercnocke, Andrew J. ; Rundle, David S. ; Butler, Philip H. ; McCollough, Cynthia H ; Ritman, Erik L. / Evaluation of a photon counting Medipix3RX CZT spectral x-ray detector. Radiation Detectors: Systems and Applications XVII. Vol. 9969 SPIE, 2016.
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abstract = "We assessed the performance of a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based Medipix3RX x-ray detector as a candidate for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging. This technology was developed at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider. It features an array of 128 by 128, 110 micrometer square pixels, each with eight simultaneous threshold counters, five of which utilize real-time charge summing, significantly reducing the charge sharing between contiguous pixels. Pixel response curves were created by imaging a range of x-ray intensities by varying x-ray tube current and by varying the exposure time with fixed x-ray current. Photon energy-related assessments were made by flooding the detector with the tin foil filtered emission of an I-125 radioisotope brachytherapy seed and sweeping the energy threshold of each of the four charge-summed counters of each pixel in 1 keV steps. Long term stability assessments were made by repeating exposures over the course of one hour. The high properly-functioning pixel yield (99{\%}), long term stability (linear regression of whole-chip response over one hour of acquisitions: y = -0.0038x + 2284; standard deviation: 3.7 counts) and energy resolution (2.5 keV FWHM (single pixel), 3.7 keV FWHM across the full image) make this device suitable for spectral micro-CT. The charge summing performance effectively reduced the measurement corruption caused by charge sharing which, when unaccounted for, shifts the photon energy assignment to lower energies, degrading both count and energy accuracy. Effective charge summing greatly improves the potential for calibrated, energy-specific material decomposition and K edge difference imaging approaches.",
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