Evaluation of a commercially available focused aCGH platform for the detection of constitutional chromosome anomalies

Brandon M. Shearer, Erik C. Thorland, Patrick R. Gonzales, Rhett P. Ketterling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) allows for simultaneous high-resolution analysis of multiple genomic loci. Recently, focused aCGH platforms have emerged allowing for analysis of numerous clinically relevant chromosome loci. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the Spectral Genomics Constitutional Chip™ 1.0 (CC) for use in the clinical laboratory. The CC consisted of 429 BAC clones for 41 known genetic deletion/duplication syndromes, subtelomeric regions, and chromosomal backbone clones. We conducted a blinded study of 48 samples including 46 patients (one sample was run in triplicate) with previously determined constitutional chromosome anomalies and two negative controls. Patient samples included 31 microdeletions, four duplications, three derivative chromosomes, three trisomies, and five sex chromosome aneuploidies. Our results show that the CC identified the expected gains and/or losses in 46 of 48 samples. The two negative controls were considered to be normal and the three replicates of the same patient sample were concordant. Two samples yielded false-negative results; however, repeat analysis produced acceptable results for one of them. One sample ultimately had an insufficient amount of DNA precluding aCGH analysis. While promising, the results suggest that further studies are needed to reduce protocol variability and to establish standard analysis and interpretation criteria. Further, this study verifies the importance of extensive validation studies prior to clinical implementation of new clinically available methodologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2357-2370
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume143
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2007

Keywords

  • Constitutional chromosome anomalies
  • Microarray
  • aCGH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of a commercially available focused aCGH platform for the detection of constitutional chromosome anomalies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this