We assessed the effect of the protein kinase C inhibitor 2,6-diamino-N-([1-(1-oxotridecyl)-2-piperidinyl] methyl)hexanamide (NPC 15437) on the action of anthracyclines, epipodophyllotoxins and vinca alkaloids in P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-expressing CHRC5 hamster ovary and MCF-7/AdriaR human breast cancer cells. Flow microfluorimetry revealed that treatment of CHRC5 cells with 75 μM NPC 15437 for 1 h resulted in a 6- to 10-fold increase in the nuclear accumulation of daunorubicin. Colony forming assays revealed that treatment with 75 μM NPC 15437 was associated with a 4-fold decrease in the LD90 for etoposide and a 2.5-fold decrease in the LD50 for vincristine. At higher concentrations of NPC 15437, greater modulation of anthracycline accumulation was observed; but NPC 15437 itself inhibited subsequent colony formation. Similar effects on drug accumulation and cytotoxicity were observed in MCF-7/AdriaR cells. Experiments designed to investigate the mechanism by which NPC 15437 exerts these effects revealed that treatment with the protein kinase C activator phorbol-12-myristate 12-acetate partially reversed the effect of NPC 15437, suggesting that NPC 15437 was exerting an effect through protein kinase C. Photoaffinity labeling experiments revealed that NPC 15437 also inhibited the binding of [3H]-azidopine to Pgp in isolated membrane vesicles. These results identify NPC 15437 as the prototype of a new class of potential Pgp modulators but indicate that the effects of this agent as a modulator are potentially limited by its cytotoxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Investigational New Drugs|
|State||Published - Dec 1995|
- protein kinase C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)