Evaluating an under-mattress sleep monitor compared to a peripheral arterial tonometry home sleep apnea test device in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea

Jack T. Jagielski, Noor Bibi, Peter C. Gay, Mithri R. Junna, Diego Z. Carvalho, Julie A. Williams, Timothy I. Morgenthaler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study objectives: To evaluate whether or not the apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) from a peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) home sleep apnea test (HSAT) is equivalent to the AHI provided by the mean of one, three, or seven nights from the Withings Sleep Analyzer (WSA) under-mattress device. Methods: We prospectively enrolled patients with suspected OSA in whom a PAT-HSAT was ordered. Eligible patients used the WSA for seven to nine nights. PAT data were scored using the device’s intrinsic machine learning algorithms to arrive at the AHI using both 3% and 4% desaturation criteria for hypopnea estimations (PAT3%-AHI and PAT4%-AHI, respectively). These were then compared with the WSA-estimated AHI (WSA-AHI). Results: Of 61 patients enrolled, 35 completed the study with valid PAT and WSA data. Of the 35 completers 16 (46%) had at least moderately severe OSA (PAT3%-AHI ≥ 15). The seven-night mean WSA-AHI was 2.13 (95%CI = − 0.88, 5.14) less than the PAT3%-AHI, but 5.64 (95%CI = 2.54, 8.73) greater than the PAT4%-AHI. The accuracy and area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) using the PAT3%-AHI ≥ 15 were 77% and 0.87 and for PAT4%-AHI ≥ 15 were 77% and 0.85, respectively. The one-, three-, or seven-night WSA-AHI were not equivalent to either the 3% or 4% PAT-AHI (equivalency threshold of ± 2.5 using the two one-sided t-test method). Conclusions: The WSA derives estimates of the AHI unobtrusively over many nights, which may prove to be a valuable clinical tool. However, the WSA-AHI over- or underestimates the PAT-AHI in clinical use, and the appropriate use of the WSA in clinical practice will require further evaluation. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04778748.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSleep and Breathing
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Algorithms
  • Diagnostic tests, Routine
  • Home sleep apnea tests
  • Mobile applications
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Peripheral arterial tonometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Clinical Neurology

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