Ethanol ablation of neck metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma

Ricardo Paz-Fumagalli, Xi Li, Robert C. Smallridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Differentiated thyroid cancer often metastasizes to cervical lymph nodes, characteristically with slow growth rate and low-level aggressiveness. Cervical lymph node resection is the treatment of choice, but ethanol ablation offers a therapeutic option for patients with few nodes unresponsive to radioiodine therapy and who are poor surgical candidates. The ethanol ablation procedure is minimally invasive, guided sonographically, easily and safely repeated, and easily implemented with minimal technology and cost. Transient nerve injury is infrequent and virtually the only important complication. Current experience indicates that ethanol ablation has the safest therapeutic profile compared to surgery and thermal ablation, and the effectiveness is comparable to thermal ablation and approaches that of surgery. Well-designed clinical trials are lacking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-385
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Interventional Radiology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • ethanol
  • lymph node metastasis
  • nerve injury
  • thyroid carcinoma
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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