Differentiated thyroid cancer often metastasizes to cervical lymph nodes, characteristically with slow growth rate and low-level aggressiveness. Cervical lymph node resection is the treatment of choice, but ethanol ablation offers a therapeutic option for patients with few nodes unresponsive to radioiodine therapy and who are poor surgical candidates. The ethanol ablation procedure is minimally invasive, guided sonographically, easily and safely repeated, and easily implemented with minimal technology and cost. Transient nerve injury is infrequent and virtually the only important complication. Current experience indicates that ethanol ablation has the safest therapeutic profile compared to surgery and thermal ablation, and the effectiveness is comparable to thermal ablation and approaches that of surgery. Well-designed clinical trials are lacking.
- lymph node metastasis
- nerve injury
- thyroid carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine