Estrogen stimulates gene expression and protein production of osteoprotegerin in human osteoblastic cells

Lorenz C. Hofbauer, Sundeep Khosla, Colin R. Dunstan, David L. Lacey, Thomas C. Spelsberg, B. Lawrence Riggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

542 Scopus citations

Abstract

The identity of the paracrine mediator(s) of the antiresorptive action of estrogen on bone cells is controversial. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) was recently identified as a soluble member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (TNF-R) superfamily that is secreted by osteoblast lineage cells and acts by binding to and neutralizing its cognate ligand, OPG-L, a required factor for osteoclastogenesis. OPG prevents bone loss when administered to ovariectomized rats, induces osteoporosis when ablated in knock-out mice, and induces osteopetrosis when overexpressed in transgenic mice. In conditionally immortalized, human osteoblastic hFOB/ER-3 and hFOB/ER-9 cell lines containing physiological concentrations of ~800 and ~8,000 functional estrogen receptors (ER)/nucleus, respectively, we found that 17β-estradiol dose- and time-dependently increased OPG mRNA and protein levels to maximal levels of 370% and 320%, respectively (P < 0.001); co-treatment with the 'pure' antiestrogen ICI 182,780 abrogated these effects completely. 17β-Estradiol also dose-dependently increased OPG mRNA and protein levels in normal human osteoblasts with ~400 ER/nucleus by 60% and 73%, respectively. Thus, estrogen enhancement of OPG secretion by osteoblastic cells may play a major role in the antiresorptive action of estrogen on bone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4367-4370
Number of pages4
JournalEndocrinology
Volume140
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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