Estrogen mediates Aurora-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, chromosomal instability, and breast cancer in female ACI rats

Jonathan J. Li, Saravut (John) Weroha, Wilma L. Lingle, Dan Papa, Jeffrey L Salisbury, Sara Antonia Li

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Abstract

Estrogens play a crucial role in the causation and development of sporadic human breast cancer (BC). Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a defining trait of early human ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and is believed to precipitate breast oncogenesis. We reported earlier that 100% of female ACI (August/Copenhagen/Irish) rats treated with essentially physiological serum levels of 17β-estradiol lead to mammary gland tumors with histopathologic, cellular, molecular, and ploidy changes remarkably similar to those seen in human DCIS and invasive sporadic ductal BC. Aurora-A (Aur-A), a centrosome kinase, and centrosome amplification have been implicated in the origin of aneuploidy via CIN. After 4 mo of estradiol treatment, levels of Aur-A and centrosomal proteins, γ-tubulin and centrin, rose significantly in female ACI rat mammary glands and remained elevated in mammary tumors at 5-6 mo of estrogen treatment. Centrosome amplification was initially detected at 3 mo of treatment in focal dysplasias, before DCIS. At 5-6 mo, 90% of the mammary tumor centrosomes were amplified. Comparative genomic hybridization revealed nonrandom amplified chromosome regions in seven chromosomes with a frequency of 55-82% in 11 primary tumors each from individual rats. Thus, we report that estrogen is causally linked via estrogen receptor α to Aur-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, CIN, and aneuploidy leading to BC in susceptible mammary gland cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18123-18128
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2004

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Centrosome
Chromosomal Instability
Estrogens
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating
Human Mammary Glands
Aneuploidy
Estradiol
Chromosomes
Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Ploidies
Human Development
Tubulin
Causality
Estrogen Receptors
Carcinogenesis
Breast
Phosphotransferases
Serum
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Estrogen mediates Aurora-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, chromosomal instability, and breast cancer in female ACI rats",
abstract = "Estrogens play a crucial role in the causation and development of sporadic human breast cancer (BC). Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a defining trait of early human ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and is believed to precipitate breast oncogenesis. We reported earlier that 100{\%} of female ACI (August/Copenhagen/Irish) rats treated with essentially physiological serum levels of 17β-estradiol lead to mammary gland tumors with histopathologic, cellular, molecular, and ploidy changes remarkably similar to those seen in human DCIS and invasive sporadic ductal BC. Aurora-A (Aur-A), a centrosome kinase, and centrosome amplification have been implicated in the origin of aneuploidy via CIN. After 4 mo of estradiol treatment, levels of Aur-A and centrosomal proteins, γ-tubulin and centrin, rose significantly in female ACI rat mammary glands and remained elevated in mammary tumors at 5-6 mo of estrogen treatment. Centrosome amplification was initially detected at 3 mo of treatment in focal dysplasias, before DCIS. At 5-6 mo, 90{\%} of the mammary tumor centrosomes were amplified. Comparative genomic hybridization revealed nonrandom amplified chromosome regions in seven chromosomes with a frequency of 55-82{\%} in 11 primary tumors each from individual rats. Thus, we report that estrogen is causally linked via estrogen receptor α to Aur-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, CIN, and aneuploidy leading to BC in susceptible mammary gland cells.",
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T1 - Estrogen mediates Aurora-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, chromosomal instability, and breast cancer in female ACI rats

AU - Li, Jonathan J.

AU - Weroha, Saravut (John)

AU - Lingle, Wilma L.

AU - Papa, Dan

AU - Salisbury, Jeffrey L

AU - Li, Sara Antonia

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N2 - Estrogens play a crucial role in the causation and development of sporadic human breast cancer (BC). Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a defining trait of early human ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and is believed to precipitate breast oncogenesis. We reported earlier that 100% of female ACI (August/Copenhagen/Irish) rats treated with essentially physiological serum levels of 17β-estradiol lead to mammary gland tumors with histopathologic, cellular, molecular, and ploidy changes remarkably similar to those seen in human DCIS and invasive sporadic ductal BC. Aurora-A (Aur-A), a centrosome kinase, and centrosome amplification have been implicated in the origin of aneuploidy via CIN. After 4 mo of estradiol treatment, levels of Aur-A and centrosomal proteins, γ-tubulin and centrin, rose significantly in female ACI rat mammary glands and remained elevated in mammary tumors at 5-6 mo of estrogen treatment. Centrosome amplification was initially detected at 3 mo of treatment in focal dysplasias, before DCIS. At 5-6 mo, 90% of the mammary tumor centrosomes were amplified. Comparative genomic hybridization revealed nonrandom amplified chromosome regions in seven chromosomes with a frequency of 55-82% in 11 primary tumors each from individual rats. Thus, we report that estrogen is causally linked via estrogen receptor α to Aur-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, CIN, and aneuploidy leading to BC in susceptible mammary gland cells.

AB - Estrogens play a crucial role in the causation and development of sporadic human breast cancer (BC). Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a defining trait of early human ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and is believed to precipitate breast oncogenesis. We reported earlier that 100% of female ACI (August/Copenhagen/Irish) rats treated with essentially physiological serum levels of 17β-estradiol lead to mammary gland tumors with histopathologic, cellular, molecular, and ploidy changes remarkably similar to those seen in human DCIS and invasive sporadic ductal BC. Aurora-A (Aur-A), a centrosome kinase, and centrosome amplification have been implicated in the origin of aneuploidy via CIN. After 4 mo of estradiol treatment, levels of Aur-A and centrosomal proteins, γ-tubulin and centrin, rose significantly in female ACI rat mammary glands and remained elevated in mammary tumors at 5-6 mo of estrogen treatment. Centrosome amplification was initially detected at 3 mo of treatment in focal dysplasias, before DCIS. At 5-6 mo, 90% of the mammary tumor centrosomes were amplified. Comparative genomic hybridization revealed nonrandom amplified chromosome regions in seven chromosomes with a frequency of 55-82% in 11 primary tumors each from individual rats. Thus, we report that estrogen is causally linked via estrogen receptor α to Aur-A overexpression, centrosome amplification, CIN, and aneuploidy leading to BC in susceptible mammary gland cells.

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