Estimating the predictive value of a diagnostic test: How to prevent misleading or confusing results

A. S. O'Marcaigh, R. M. Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diagnostic process consists of a series of steps in which the estimated probability of particular disease is increased or decreased until either treatment can be instituted or the diagnosis excluded. The history and physical exam play an important role. If a therapeutic decision cannot confidently be made on clinical grounds alone, a diagnostic test may confirm or exclude a diagnosis or clearly indicate the need for further testing. An inappropriately chosen test or misinterpreted test result, however, may mislead the clinician and possibly harm the patient or simply be wasteful. Estimating the predictive values of a diagnostic test will help to avoid these pitfalls. This article shows the clinician a simplified way to do this.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Volume32
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Routine Diagnostic Tests
Patient Harm
History
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Estimating the predictive value of a diagnostic test : How to prevent misleading or confusing results. / O'Marcaigh, A. S.; Jacobson, R. M.

In: Clinical Pediatrics, Vol. 32, No. 8, 1993, p. 485-491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

O'Marcaigh, A. S. ; Jacobson, R. M. / Estimating the predictive value of a diagnostic test : How to prevent misleading or confusing results. In: Clinical Pediatrics. 1993 ; Vol. 32, No. 8. pp. 485-491.
@article{c34557b61cec4d829141d9d181853411,
title = "Estimating the predictive value of a diagnostic test: How to prevent misleading or confusing results",
abstract = "The diagnostic process consists of a series of steps in which the estimated probability of particular disease is increased or decreased until either treatment can be instituted or the diagnosis excluded. The history and physical exam play an important role. If a therapeutic decision cannot confidently be made on clinical grounds alone, a diagnostic test may confirm or exclude a diagnosis or clearly indicate the need for further testing. An inappropriately chosen test or misinterpreted test result, however, may mislead the clinician and possibly harm the patient or simply be wasteful. Estimating the predictive values of a diagnostic test will help to avoid these pitfalls. This article shows the clinician a simplified way to do this.",
author = "O'Marcaigh, {A. S.} and Jacobson, {R. M.}",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "485--491",
journal = "Clinical Pediatrics",
issn = "0009-9228",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating the predictive value of a diagnostic test

T2 - How to prevent misleading or confusing results

AU - O'Marcaigh, A. S.

AU - Jacobson, R. M.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - The diagnostic process consists of a series of steps in which the estimated probability of particular disease is increased or decreased until either treatment can be instituted or the diagnosis excluded. The history and physical exam play an important role. If a therapeutic decision cannot confidently be made on clinical grounds alone, a diagnostic test may confirm or exclude a diagnosis or clearly indicate the need for further testing. An inappropriately chosen test or misinterpreted test result, however, may mislead the clinician and possibly harm the patient or simply be wasteful. Estimating the predictive values of a diagnostic test will help to avoid these pitfalls. This article shows the clinician a simplified way to do this.

AB - The diagnostic process consists of a series of steps in which the estimated probability of particular disease is increased or decreased until either treatment can be instituted or the diagnosis excluded. The history and physical exam play an important role. If a therapeutic decision cannot confidently be made on clinical grounds alone, a diagnostic test may confirm or exclude a diagnosis or clearly indicate the need for further testing. An inappropriately chosen test or misinterpreted test result, however, may mislead the clinician and possibly harm the patient or simply be wasteful. Estimating the predictive values of a diagnostic test will help to avoid these pitfalls. This article shows the clinician a simplified way to do this.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027227978&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027227978&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8403747

AN - SCOPUS:0027227978

VL - 32

SP - 485

EP - 491

JO - Clinical Pediatrics

JF - Clinical Pediatrics

SN - 0009-9228

IS - 8

ER -