Estimating glomerular filtration rate from serum myo-inositol, valine, creatinine and cystatin C

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Abstract

Assessment of renal function relies on the estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Existing eGFR equations, usually based on serum levels of creatinine and/or cystatin C, are not uniformly accurate across patient populations. In the present study, we expanded a recent proof-of-concept approach to optimize an eGFR equation targeting the adult population with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD), based on a nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) derived ‘metabolite constellation’ (GFRNMR). A total of 1855 serum samples were partitioned into development, internal validation and external validation datasets. The new GFRNMR equation used serum myo-inositol, valine, creatinine and cystatin C plus age and sex. GFRNMR had a lower bias to tracer measured GFR (mGFR) than existing eGFR equations, with a median bias (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 0.0 (−1.0; 1.0) mL/min/1.73 m2 for GFRNMR vs. −6.0 (−7.0; −5.0) mL/min/1.73 m2 for the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation that combines creatinine and cystatin C (CKD-EPI2012) (p < 0.0001). Accuracy (95% CI) within 15% of mGFR (1-P15) was 38.8% (34.3; 42.5) for GFRNMR vs. 47.3% (43.2; 51.5) for CKD-EPI2012 (p < 0.010). Thus, GFRNMR holds promise as an alternative way to assess eGFR with superior accuracy in adult patients with and without CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2291
JournalDiagnostics
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • CKD
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Cystatin C
  • EGFR
  • EGFR equation
  • Filtration markers
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Metabolite
  • NMR
  • Serum creatinine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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