Esophageal peristaltic defects in adults with functional dysphagia

Shiva K. Ratuapli, Stephanie L. Hansel, Sarah B. Umar, George E. Burdick, Francisco C. Ramirez, David E. Fleischer, Lucinda A. Harris, Brian E. Lacy, John K. DiBaise, Michael D. Crowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional dysphagia (FD) is characterized by the presence of dysphagia without evidence of mechanical esophageal obstruction, GERD, and histopathology-based esophageal motor disorders. Dysphagia is common in older patients; however, there is a paucity of information regarding the type and frequency of peristaltic abnormalities compared to younger patients. Based on recently validated criteria for classification of weak peristalsis using high-resolution manometry (HRM), we hypothesized that older patients with FD would have more peristaltic defects detected by HRM compared to younger FD patients. A retrospective review of our motility database yielded 65 patients that met inclusion criteria. Patients were divided into two groups based on age (younger: <70 years; older: ≥70 years). Patients were interviewed, completed a quality-of-life questionnaire, and underwent solid-state HRM. The two groups differed in age but in no other demographic characteristics, severity of dysphagia, or quality of life. Dyspeptic symptoms, including nausea (p < 0.001), early satiety (p = 0.01), bloating (p = 0.02), and belching (p = 0.01), were also more prevalent in younger FD patients. Older age was associated with weak peristalsis involving frequent failed peristalsis, small proximal peristaltic defects (2-5 cm), and large proximal peristaltic defects (>5 cm) (p < 0.001). The mean contraction amplitude was also lower in the older group (p < 0.05). These data support the hypothesis that older patients with FD have a higher frequency of peristaltic abnormalities on HRM compared to younger patients. Older age was associated with increased frequency of weak peristalsis with small and large peristaltic defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-526
Number of pages8
JournalDysphagia
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Age
  • Esophageal pressure topography
  • Functional dysphagia
  • High-resolution manometry
  • Nonobstructive dysphagia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Speech and Hearing

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