Epigenetic silencing of long non-coding RNA BM742401 in multiple myeloma: Impact on prognosis and myeloma dissemination

Zhenhai Li, Shaji Kumar, Dong Yan Jin, George A. Calin, Wee Joo Chng, Kam Leung Siu, Ming Wai Poon, Chor Sang Chim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) BM742401 is a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. As the promoter and coding region of BM742401 are fully embedded in a CpG island, we hypothesized that BM742401 is a tumor suppressor lncRNA epigenetically silenced by promoter DNA methylation in multiple myeloma. Methods: Methylation-specific PCR and quantitative bisulfite pyrosequencing were performed to detect the methylation of BM742401 in normal plasma cells, myeloma cell lines and primary myeloma samples. The expression of BM742401 was measured by qRT-PCR. The function of BM742401 in multiple myeloma cells was analyzed by lentivirus transduction followed by migration assay. Results: BM742401 methylation was detected in 10 (66.7%) myeloma cell lines but not normal plasma cells, and inversely correlated with expression of BM742401. In primary samples, BM742401 methylation was detected in 3 (12.5%) monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, 9 (15.8%) myeloma at diagnosis and 8 (17.0%) myeloma at relapse/progression. Moreover, BM742401 methylation at diagnosis was associated with inferior overall survival (median OS: 25 vs. 39 months; P = 0.0496). In myeloma cell line JJN-3, stable overexpression of BM742401 by lentivirus transduction resulted in reduced cell migration (P = 0.0001) but not impacting cell death or proliferation. Conclusions: This is the first report of tumor-specific methylation-mediated silencing of BM742401 in myeloma, which is likely an early event in myelomagenesis with adverse impact on overall survival. Moreover, BM742401 is a tumor suppressor lncRNA by inhibiting myeloma cell migration, hence implicated in myeloma plasma cell homing, metastasis and disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number403
JournalCancer Cell International
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2020

Keywords

  • BM742401
  • DNA methylation
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Overall survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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