Epidemiology of critical care syndromes, organ failures, and life-support interventions in a suburban US community

Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, Marija Kojicic, Guangxi Li, Daryl J. Kor, Jaise Poulose, Vitaly Herasevich, Rahul Kashyap, Cesar Trillo-Alvarez, Javier Cabello-Garza, Rolf Hubmayr, Edward G. Seferian, Ognjen Gajic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: ICU services represent a significant and increasing proportion of medical care. Population-based epidemiologic studies are essential to inform physicians and policymakers about current and future ICU demands. We aimed to determine the incidence of critical care syndromes, organ failures, and life-support interventions in a defined US suburban community with unrestricted access to critical care services. Methods: This population-based observational cohort from January 1 to December 31, 2006, in Olmsted County, Minnesota, included all consecutive critically ill adult residents admitted to the ICU. Main outcomes were incidence of critical care syndromes, life-support interventions, and organ failures as defined by standard criteria. Incidences are reported per 100,000 population (95% CIs) and were age adjusted to the 2006 US population. Results: A total of 1,707 ICU admissions were identified from 1,461 patients. Incidences of critical care syndromes were respiratory failure, 430 (390-470); acute kidney injury, 290 (257-323); severe sepsis, 286 (253-319); all-cause shock, 194 (167-221); acute lung injury, 86 (68-105); all-cause coma, 43 (30-55); and overt disseminated intravascular coagulation, 18 (10-26). Incidence of mechanical ventilation was invasive, 310 (276-344); noninvasive, 180 (154-206); vasopressors and inotropes, 183(155-208). Renal replacement therapy incidence was 96 (77-116). Of the cohort, 1,330 patients (91%) survived to hospital discharge. Short- and long-term survival decreased by the number of failing organs. Conclusions: In a suburban US community with high access to critical care services, cumulative incidences of critical care syndromes and life-support interventions were higher than previously reported. The results of this study have important implications for future planning of critical care delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1455
Number of pages9
JournalChest
Volume140
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epidemiology of critical care syndromes, organ failures, and life-support interventions in a suburban US community'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this