Eosinophilic myocarditis is a rare form of myocarditis that may manifest from cancer-mediated inflammation. A case of eosinophilic myocarditis secondary to metastatic melanoma is described; metastatic melanoma can cause a T helper type 2 lymphocyte–mediated increase in circulating levels of interleukin-5, which is known to stimulate eosinophil proliferation resulting in myocardial inflammation and fibrosis. Cardiac imaging with transesophageal echocardiography revealed a large immobile left ventricular apical thrombus. Cardiac MRI was then performed and revealed enhancing fibrosis along the endocardial surface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging