Eosinophils play an important role in mediating itch and inflammation in dermatitis. The role of the eosinophil granule protein eosinophil peroxidase (EPX) in mediating inflammation and itch was tested in a dermatitis mouse model. Mice were sensitized to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) and subsequently challenged chronically on the ear to establish dermatitis. Loss of EPX (in EPX (-/-) mice) or blocking EPX with the drug resorcinol significantly reduced dermatitis in mice exposed to TMA. Resorcinol also reduced levels of thymic stromal lymphopoietin protein (TSLP) in skin. Further studies showed that EPX increased different cytokines in keratinocytes in cell culture via two distinct mechanisms. EPX induced TSLP expression requires lysophosphatidic acid signaling while EPX induced expression of TNF-a, CSF2, CSF3, and IL1a required IL-1 signaling. We also showed that blocking IL-1 reduced inflammation in skin following TMA exposure in mice. Thus, EPX is an important mediator of inflammation and itch, that are mediated via at least two pathways. This suggests that both EPX and its’ signaling pathways may provide novel therapeutic strategies in dermatitis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)