Enzyme immunoassay of anti-human acetylcholine receptor autoantibodies in patients with myasthenia gravis reveals correlat1ion with striational autoantibodies

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Abstract

Anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoantibodies are a marker of acquired myasthenia gravis (MG). Some of these antibodies cause muscle weakness. Striational autoantibodies (StrAb) also are a marker of MG. They are most prevalent in older patients and patients with thymoma. Here we describe a reproducible enzyme immunoassay (AChR-EIA) for detecting antibodies reactive with human muscle AChR, using antigens concentrated on plastic by prior sequential application of a biotinylated carrier, avidin, and biotinylated monoclonal IgG against AChR. There was significant correlation between values for antibodies assayed by AChR-EIA and by immunoprecipitation of AChR complexed with 125I-α-bungarotoxin. Unexpectedly, AChR-EIA and StrAb values also were significantly correlated. Further studies revealed a significant and unprecedented correlation for StrAb and AChR precipitating antibodies. A plausible explanation for these findings is that some StrAb may react with cytoskeletal proteins that associate and copurify with AChR. The AChR-EIA offers a nonradioactive method for detecting two autoantibodies that are relatively restricted to patients with acquired MG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-578
Number of pages6
JournalNeurology
Volume43
Issue number3 I
StatePublished - 1993

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Myasthenia Gravis
Cholinergic Receptors
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Autoantibodies
Antibodies
Bungarotoxins
Cytoskeletal Proteins
Thymoma
Avidin
Muscle Weakness
Immunoprecipitation
Plastics
Immunoglobulin G
Antigens
Muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Enzyme immunoassay of anti-human acetylcholine receptor autoantibodies in patients with myasthenia gravis reveals correlat1ion with striational autoantibodies",
abstract = "Anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoantibodies are a marker of acquired myasthenia gravis (MG). Some of these antibodies cause muscle weakness. Striational autoantibodies (StrAb) also are a marker of MG. They are most prevalent in older patients and patients with thymoma. Here we describe a reproducible enzyme immunoassay (AChR-EIA) for detecting antibodies reactive with human muscle AChR, using antigens concentrated on plastic by prior sequential application of a biotinylated carrier, avidin, and biotinylated monoclonal IgG against AChR. There was significant correlation between values for antibodies assayed by AChR-EIA and by immunoprecipitation of AChR complexed with 125I-α-bungarotoxin. Unexpectedly, AChR-EIA and StrAb values also were significantly correlated. Further studies revealed a significant and unprecedented correlation for StrAb and AChR precipitating antibodies. A plausible explanation for these findings is that some StrAb may react with cytoskeletal proteins that associate and copurify with AChR. The AChR-EIA offers a nonradioactive method for detecting two autoantibodies that are relatively restricted to patients with acquired MG.",
author = "M. Sano and Lennon, {Vanda A}",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Neurology",
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T1 - Enzyme immunoassay of anti-human acetylcholine receptor autoantibodies in patients with myasthenia gravis reveals correlat1ion with striational autoantibodies

AU - Sano, M.

AU - Lennon, Vanda A

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoantibodies are a marker of acquired myasthenia gravis (MG). Some of these antibodies cause muscle weakness. Striational autoantibodies (StrAb) also are a marker of MG. They are most prevalent in older patients and patients with thymoma. Here we describe a reproducible enzyme immunoassay (AChR-EIA) for detecting antibodies reactive with human muscle AChR, using antigens concentrated on plastic by prior sequential application of a biotinylated carrier, avidin, and biotinylated monoclonal IgG against AChR. There was significant correlation between values for antibodies assayed by AChR-EIA and by immunoprecipitation of AChR complexed with 125I-α-bungarotoxin. Unexpectedly, AChR-EIA and StrAb values also were significantly correlated. Further studies revealed a significant and unprecedented correlation for StrAb and AChR precipitating antibodies. A plausible explanation for these findings is that some StrAb may react with cytoskeletal proteins that associate and copurify with AChR. The AChR-EIA offers a nonradioactive method for detecting two autoantibodies that are relatively restricted to patients with acquired MG.

AB - Anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoantibodies are a marker of acquired myasthenia gravis (MG). Some of these antibodies cause muscle weakness. Striational autoantibodies (StrAb) also are a marker of MG. They are most prevalent in older patients and patients with thymoma. Here we describe a reproducible enzyme immunoassay (AChR-EIA) for detecting antibodies reactive with human muscle AChR, using antigens concentrated on plastic by prior sequential application of a biotinylated carrier, avidin, and biotinylated monoclonal IgG against AChR. There was significant correlation between values for antibodies assayed by AChR-EIA and by immunoprecipitation of AChR complexed with 125I-α-bungarotoxin. Unexpectedly, AChR-EIA and StrAb values also were significantly correlated. Further studies revealed a significant and unprecedented correlation for StrAb and AChR precipitating antibodies. A plausible explanation for these findings is that some StrAb may react with cytoskeletal proteins that associate and copurify with AChR. The AChR-EIA offers a nonradioactive method for detecting two autoantibodies that are relatively restricted to patients with acquired MG.

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