Environmental determinants of polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in residential carpet dust

Curt T. Dellavalle, David C. Wheeler, Nicole C. Deziel, Anneclaire J. De Roos, James R Cerhan, Wendy Cozen, Richard K. Severson, Abigail R. Flory, Sarah J. Locke, Joanne S. Colt, Patricia Hartge, Mary H. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), banned in the United Sates in the late 1970s, are still found in indoor and outdoor environments. Little is known about the determinants of PCB levels in homes. We measured concentrations of five PCB congeners (105, 138, 153, 170, and 180) in carpet dust collected between 1998 and 2000 from 1187 homes in four sites: Detroit, Iowa, Los Angeles, and Seattle. Home characteristics, occupational history, and demographic information were obtained by interview. We used a geographic information system to geocode addresses and determine distances to the nearest major road, freight route, and railroad; percentage of developed land; number of industrial facilities within 2 km of residences; and population density. Ordinal logistic regression was used to estimate the associations between the covariates of interest and the odds of PCB detection in each site separately. Total PCB levels [all congeners < maximum practical quantitation limit (MPQL) vs at least one congener ≥ MPQL to < median concentration vs at least one congener > median concentration] were positively associated with either percentage of developed land [odds ratio (OR) range 1.01-1.04 for each percentage increase] or population density (OR 1.08 for every 1000/mi2) in each site. The number of industrial facilities within 2 km of a home was associated with PCB concentrations; however, facility type and direction of the association varied by site. Our findings suggest that outdoor sources of PCBs may be significant determinants of indoor concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10405-10414
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume47
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 17 2013

Fingerprint

Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Dust
PCB
dust
population density
Railroads
Geographic information systems
Logistics
logistics
road

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Dellavalle, C. T., Wheeler, D. C., Deziel, N. C., De Roos, A. J., Cerhan, J. R., Cozen, W., ... Ward, M. H. (2013). Environmental determinants of polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in residential carpet dust. Environmental Science and Technology, 47(18), 10405-10414. https://doi.org/10.1021/es401447w

Environmental determinants of polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in residential carpet dust. / Dellavalle, Curt T.; Wheeler, David C.; Deziel, Nicole C.; De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Cerhan, James R; Cozen, Wendy; Severson, Richard K.; Flory, Abigail R.; Locke, Sarah J.; Colt, Joanne S.; Hartge, Patricia; Ward, Mary H.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 47, No. 18, 17.09.2013, p. 10405-10414.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dellavalle, CT, Wheeler, DC, Deziel, NC, De Roos, AJ, Cerhan, JR, Cozen, W, Severson, RK, Flory, AR, Locke, SJ, Colt, JS, Hartge, P & Ward, MH 2013, 'Environmental determinants of polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in residential carpet dust', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 47, no. 18, pp. 10405-10414. https://doi.org/10.1021/es401447w
Dellavalle, Curt T. ; Wheeler, David C. ; Deziel, Nicole C. ; De Roos, Anneclaire J. ; Cerhan, James R ; Cozen, Wendy ; Severson, Richard K. ; Flory, Abigail R. ; Locke, Sarah J. ; Colt, Joanne S. ; Hartge, Patricia ; Ward, Mary H. / Environmental determinants of polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in residential carpet dust. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2013 ; Vol. 47, No. 18. pp. 10405-10414.
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