Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs commonly in short-bowel syndrome (SBS) and, in some instances, may result in significant problems. SIBO is characterized by a variety of signs and symptoms resulting from nutrient malabsorption caused by an increased number and/or type of bacteria in the small intestine. The anatomic and physiologic changes that occur in SBS together with medications commonly used in these patients facilitate the development of SIBO. Because many aspects related to SIBO in the SBS population remain poorly understood, it was our aim to review the current understanding of the gut flora and issues related to SIBO occurring in SBS.
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