Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies through the Use of Silver Standard Cases Derived from Electronic Medical Records

Andrew McDavid, Paul K. Crane, Katherine M. Newton, David R. Crosslin, Wayne McCormick, Noah Weston, Kelly Ehrlich, Eugene Hart, Robert Harrison, Walter A. Kukull, Carla Rottscheit, Peggy Peissig, Elisha Stefanski, Catherine A. McCarty, Rebecca Lynn Zuvich, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Jonathan L. Haines, Joshua C. Denny, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Mariza De AndradeIftikhar Jan Kullo, Rongling Li, Daniel Mirel, Andrew Crenshaw, James D. Bowen, Ge Li, Debby Tsuang, Susan McCurry, Linda Teri, Eric B. Larson, Gail P. Jarvik, Chris S. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The feasibility of using imperfectly phenotyped "silver standard" samples identified from electronic medical record diagnoses is considered in genetic association studies when these samples might be combined with an existing set of samples phenotyped with a gold standard technique. An analytic expression is derived for the power of a chi-square test of independence using either research-quality case/control samples alone, or augmented with silver standard data. The subset of the parameter space where inclusion of silver standard samples increases statistical power is identified. A case study of dementia subjects identified from electronic medical records from the Electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) network, combined with subjects from two studies specifically targeting dementia, verifies these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere63481
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2013

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Electronic medical equipment
Electronic Health Records
Genetic Association Studies
silver
electronics
dementia
Dementia
Medical Electronics
sampling
Chi-Square Distribution
Genomics
Quality Control
gold
Power (Psychology)
case studies
genomics
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

McDavid, A., Crane, P. K., Newton, K. M., Crosslin, D. R., McCormick, W., Weston, N., ... Carlson, C. S. (2013). Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies through the Use of Silver Standard Cases Derived from Electronic Medical Records. PLoS One, 8(6), [e63481]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063481

Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies through the Use of Silver Standard Cases Derived from Electronic Medical Records. / McDavid, Andrew; Crane, Paul K.; Newton, Katherine M.; Crosslin, David R.; McCormick, Wayne; Weston, Noah; Ehrlich, Kelly; Hart, Eugene; Harrison, Robert; Kukull, Walter A.; Rottscheit, Carla; Peissig, Peggy; Stefanski, Elisha; McCarty, Catherine A.; Zuvich, Rebecca Lynn; Ritchie, Marylyn D.; Haines, Jonathan L.; Denny, Joshua C.; Schellenberg, Gerard D.; De Andrade, Mariza; Kullo, Iftikhar Jan; Li, Rongling; Mirel, Daniel; Crenshaw, Andrew; Bowen, James D.; Li, Ge; Tsuang, Debby; McCurry, Susan; Teri, Linda; Larson, Eric B.; Jarvik, Gail P.; Carlson, Chris S.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 6, e63481, 10.06.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McDavid, A, Crane, PK, Newton, KM, Crosslin, DR, McCormick, W, Weston, N, Ehrlich, K, Hart, E, Harrison, R, Kukull, WA, Rottscheit, C, Peissig, P, Stefanski, E, McCarty, CA, Zuvich, RL, Ritchie, MD, Haines, JL, Denny, JC, Schellenberg, GD, De Andrade, M, Kullo, IJ, Li, R, Mirel, D, Crenshaw, A, Bowen, JD, Li, G, Tsuang, D, McCurry, S, Teri, L, Larson, EB, Jarvik, GP & Carlson, CS 2013, 'Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies through the Use of Silver Standard Cases Derived from Electronic Medical Records', PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 6, e63481. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063481
McDavid, Andrew ; Crane, Paul K. ; Newton, Katherine M. ; Crosslin, David R. ; McCormick, Wayne ; Weston, Noah ; Ehrlich, Kelly ; Hart, Eugene ; Harrison, Robert ; Kukull, Walter A. ; Rottscheit, Carla ; Peissig, Peggy ; Stefanski, Elisha ; McCarty, Catherine A. ; Zuvich, Rebecca Lynn ; Ritchie, Marylyn D. ; Haines, Jonathan L. ; Denny, Joshua C. ; Schellenberg, Gerard D. ; De Andrade, Mariza ; Kullo, Iftikhar Jan ; Li, Rongling ; Mirel, Daniel ; Crenshaw, Andrew ; Bowen, James D. ; Li, Ge ; Tsuang, Debby ; McCurry, Susan ; Teri, Linda ; Larson, Eric B. ; Jarvik, Gail P. ; Carlson, Chris S. / Enhancing the Power of Genetic Association Studies through the Use of Silver Standard Cases Derived from Electronic Medical Records. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 6.
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