JNPL3 transgenic mice expressing a mutant tau protein, which develop neurofibrillary tangles and progressive motor disturbance, were crossed with Tg2576 transgenic mice expressing mutant β-arnyloid precursor protein (APP), thus modulating the APP-Aβ (β-arnyloid peptide) environment. The resulting double mutant (tau/APP) progeny and the Tg2576 parental strain developed Aβ deposits at the same age; however, relative to JNPL3 mice, the double mutants exhibited neurofibrillary tangle pathology that was substantially enhanced in the limbic system and olfactory cortex. These results indicate that either APP or Aβ influences the formation of neurofibrillary tangles. The interaction between Aβ and tau pathologies in these mice supports the hypothesis that a similar interaction occurs in Alzheimer's disease.
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