Background: Transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve replacement (ViV) has been widely accepted as a less invasive alternative to treat failed aortic surgical or transcatheter bioprosthetic valves. Angulated aortas present an additional challenge, particularly when using self-expanding transcatheter heart valves (SE-THV). Methods: Two patients with failed surgical bioprosthetic aortic valves and one patient with a failed transcatheter bioprosthetic aortic valve underwent transcatheter aortic ViV using SE-THV. All were deemed high-risk for surgical aortic valve replacement by a heart team. All three patients had initial failed SE-THV delivery using a conventional approach with subsequent successful delivery using the endovascular snare technique. Results: In Cases 1 and 2, the SE-THV was biased towards the greater curve of the angulated aorta and behind the outer frame of the bioprosthetic valve frame. An endovascular snare was deployed through a secondary left femoral artery access, and the valve delivery system was advanced through the snare in the ascending aorta. The snare was tightened around the SE-THV capsule proximal to the hat-marker, allowing deflection of the SE-THV and successful delivery. In Case 3, the SE-THV interacted with the tall frame of a failed SE-THV. A snare via the left femoral artery was deployed in the descending artery. The SE-THV was advanced through the snare, and both the snare and SE-THV were advanced together to the ascending aorta where the SE-THV was deflected and successfully delivered. Conclusions: The endovascular snare technique is a feasible option for successful delivery of SE-THV during transcatheter aortic ViV in failed transcatheter or surgical bioprosthetic valves in angulated aortas.
- aortic valve disease, percutaneous intervention
- structural heart disease intervention
- transcatheter valve implantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine