We hypothesized that endotoxin would impair agonist-induced calcium (Ca2+) mobilization in rat mesangial cells, owing to the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and augmented nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. We measured basal and bradykinin-induced peak free cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations through microspectrofluorimetry with fura-2 in confluent mesangial cells, and assayed conditioned medium for nitrite accumulation. Prior to measurement, cells were incubated overnight in serum-supplemented medium, with or without endotoxin, L-arginine, indomethacin, meclofenamate, or Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Endotoxin (1 mg/ml) decreased bradykinin-induced peak Ca2+ responses by 35 to 60% (p < 0.0001) and increased nitrite accumulation > 6-fold (p < 0.01). Arginine supplementation further (> 9-fold, p < 0.0001) increased nitrite accumulation without changing the effect on Ca2+. Inhibition of NOS abolished increments in nitrite concentration but had no effect on impaired Ca2+ responses. Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors, present during incubation with endotoxin, but not afterward, normalized bradykinin-stimulated calcium responses. Thrombin-stimulated Ca2+ responses were similarly affected. We conclude that neither NO nor prostaglandins act directly to impair agonist-induced Ca2+ mobilization following endotoxin exposure however, this effect may be an indirect effect of COX products, including reactive oxygen intermediates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine