Endoscopic treatment of large sessile and flat colorectal lesions

Norio Fukami, Jeffrey H. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the increased number of colonoscopies performed, many polyps of different sizes and morphology are encountered today. We will reassess endoscopic treatments on large sessile and flat lesions in the colorectum. RECENT FINDINGS: Large lesions are considered to be greater than 2 cm in diameter with a prevalence of 0.8-5.2% in patients undergoing colonoscopy. The prevalence of malignancy in these lesions is 5-22.1%. En-bloc resection is done for lesions smaller than 2 cm in size, and piecemeal resection for those with a larger diameter. The recurrence rate was suggested to be as high as 46%. With repeated endoscopic treatments, the recurrence rate was reduced to 3.8%. Argon plasma coagulation is effective as an adjunct to piecemeal resection. It is essential to have an accurate pretreatment assessment and a proper histological evaluation of resected lesions as the prognosis depends on the depth of invasion, lymphovascular involvement, and histological type. SUMMARY: Endoscopic treatment for large sessile or flat lesions is highly successful in patients without the features predicting adverse outcome. Risk stratification is essential for successful outcome. With our continued efforts, improvement of endoscopic technique, and adjunctive therapy, further reduction in recurrence rate may be achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Endoscopic mucosal resection
  • Endoscopic submucosal dissection
  • Flat lesion
  • Large sessile lesion
  • Malignant polyp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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