Endoscopic Therapy for Barrett's Esophagus and Early Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Cadman L. Leggett, Emmanuel C. Gorospe, Kenneth K. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endoscopic therapy for Barrett's esophagus is feasible and likely to decrease the future risk of development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. The most commonly used therapy is radiofrequency ablation, which has been shown to produce reproducible superficial injury in the esophagus. Other thermal therapies include multipolar coagulation, argon plasma coagulation, and thermal laser therapy. The other end of the ablative spectrum includes cryotherapy, which involves freezing tissue to produce mucosal necrosis. Photodynamic therapy has been used to photochemically eliminate abnormal mucosa. Endoscopic therapy has been demonstrated to be effective in high-risk situations such as Barrett's esophagus with high-grade dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-185
Number of pages11
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • Argon plasma coagulation
  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Cryoablation
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection
  • Multipolar electrocoagulation
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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