Endoscopic mucosal resection has expanded the role of the gastroenterologist in the management of esophageal neoplasia from screening and diagnosis to staging and endoscopic treatment. Its rise to prominence is a reflection of the long-identified need to obtain histologic information regarding depth of invasion and neoplastic margins during therapy that previously could not be achieved with ablative techniques. The resultant improvement in diagnosis and staging has allowed for better selection of patients for endoscopic therapy who may be spared invasive surgery. The clinical indications, endoscopic techniques, outcomes, and complications in the management of esophageal neoplasia are reviewed. Training requirements to achieve proficiency in endoscopic mucosal resection as well as potential quality measures to assess competence also are proposed in this review.
- Barrett's Esophagus
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