Background and Aims: Endolumenal therapies serve as a treatment option for GERD. This study aimed to determine if magnets could be placed endoscopically using the adventitial layer to create a subadventitial space near the esophagogastric junction to augment the lower esophageal sphincter using submucosal endoscopy. Methods: This study consisted of 2 phases, ex vivo and in vivo, with domestic pig esophagus. A long submucosal tunnel was made at the mid to lower esophagus. The muscularis propria was incised by a needle-knife within the submucosal tunnel. A subadventitial tunnel was made by biliary balloon catheter blunt dissection, and a magnet was deployed in the subadventitial space. The same maneuver was done within the opposing esophageal wall, with magnet placement in the opposing subadventitial space. Results: Submucosal tunnels and subadventitial tunnels were successful without perforation ex vivo in all attempts and in 9 of 10 cases, respectively. Magnets were deployed in the subadventitial space in 7 cases. Magnets connected and separated with atraumatic endoscope passage into the stomach and reconnected when the endoscope was withdrawn under fluoroscopy in 5 of 7 cases (71.4%). In vivo submucosal tunnels and subadventitial tunnels were successful in all 5 cases, and magnet augmentation was functionally active in 4 cases (80%). Conclusion: Subadventitial tunnels were feasible and could represent a new working space for endoscopic treatment. Endoscopic placement of magnets within the subadventitial space may be an attractive alternative endolumenal therapy for GERD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging