Empowering personalized medicine with big data and semantic web technology: Promises, challenges, and use cases

Maryam Panahiazar, Vahid Taslimitehrani, Ashutosh Jadhav, Jyotishman Pathak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

In healthcare, big data tools and technologies have the potential to create significant value by improving outcomes while lowering costs for each individual patient. Diagnostic images, genetic test results and biometric information are increasingly generated and stored in electronic health records presenting us with challenges in data that is by nature high volume, variety and velocity, thereby necessitating novel ways to store, manage and process big data. This presents an urgent need to develop new, scalable and expandable big data infrastructure and analytical methods that can enable healthcare providers access knowledge for the individual patient, yielding better decisions and outcomes. In this paper, we briefly discuss the nature of big data and the role of semantic web and data analysis for generating 'smart data' which offer actionable information that supports better decision for personalized medicine. In our view, the biggest challenge is to create a system that makes big data robust and smart for healthcare providers and patients that can lead to more effective clinical decision-making, improved health outcomes, and ultimately, managing the healthcare costs. We highlight some of the challenges in using big data and propose the need for a semantic data-driven environment to address them. We illustrate our vision with practical use cases, and discuss a path for empowering personalized medicine using big data and semantic web technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2014 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE Big Data 2014
EditorsWo Chang, Jun Huan, Nick Cercone, Saumyadipta Pyne, Vasant Honavar, Jimmy Lin, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Charu Aggarwal, Bamshad Mobasher, Jian Pei, Raghunath Nambiar
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages790-795
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479956654
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2015
Event2nd IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE Big Data 2014 - Washington, United States
Duration: Oct 27 2014Oct 30 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2014 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE Big Data 2014

Other

Other2nd IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE Big Data 2014
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period10/27/1410/30/14

Keywords

  • Big Data
  • Health Care
  • Personalized Medicine
  • Semantic Web
  • Smart Data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Systems

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Empowering personalized medicine with big data and semantic web technology: Promises, challenges, and use cases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Panahiazar, M., Taslimitehrani, V., Jadhav, A., & Pathak, J. (2015). Empowering personalized medicine with big data and semantic web technology: Promises, challenges, and use cases. In W. Chang, J. Huan, N. Cercone, S. Pyne, V. Honavar, J. Lin, X. T. Hu, C. Aggarwal, B. Mobasher, J. Pei, & R. Nambiar (Eds.), Proceedings - 2014 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE Big Data 2014 (pp. 790-795). [7004307] (Proceedings - 2014 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE Big Data 2014). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BigData.2014.7004307