Employment and recreational patterns were analyzed in 279 patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. PTCA was successful in 180 patients (65%). When it was unsuccessful, coronary artery bypass graft surgery was usually performed (80%). Return-to-work rates were high irrespective of the outcome of PTCA. Of patients employed full-time or part-time before treatment, 98.5% of those who had successful PTCA alone and 97% of those whose PTCA was unsuccessful but who underwent uncomplicated coronary artery bypass surgery maintained or improved their work status. In a subgroup of men who had been employed in occupations requiring physical labor, 85 % of the men whose PTCA was successful returned to work, compared with 68% of those whose PTCA was unsuccessful. The interval from attempted PTCA to return to work was significantly shorter in the successfully treated group; in patients with successful PTCA, the median time to return to work was 14 days, compared with 60 days in patients in whom PTCA was unsuccessful (p < 0.001). During follow-up, patients with successful PTCA had less angina and were more active in recreational activities than patients who required alternative treatments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine