Emerging pharmacological therapies for prevention and early treatment of acute lung injury

Enrique Ortiz-Diaz, Emir Festic, Ognjen Gajic, Joseph E. Levitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are serious complications of acute illness and injury, associated with an inpatient mortality of up to 40%. Despite considerable basic science and clinical research, therapeutic options for established ALI are limited. Survivors of ARDS are often faced with poor health-related quality of life, depressive-anxiety disorders, cognitive deficits, and financial strain. An attractive approach toward managing ALI lies in its prevention and early treatment. In addition to improving recognition of at-risk patients, it is necessary to identify novel treatments targeting the pathways that may prevent or ameliorate lung injury. The rationale and animal and clinical evidence for aspirin, systemic and inhaled steroids, β-agonists, renin-angiotensin axis blockers, statins, peroxisome proliferator agonist receptor ligands, curcumin, and inhaled heparin are included in this narrative review. Randomized, controlled trials are currently being designed and implemented to address their efficacy in populations at risk for ALI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-458
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2013

Keywords

  • acute lung injury
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • lung injury prediction score
  • multiorgan dysfunction syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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