Elevated nm23 protein expression is correlated with diminished progression-free survival in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma

Preeti J. Srivatsa, William Arthur Cliby, Gary Keeney, Mark K. Dodson, Vera Jean Suman, Patrick C. Roche, Karl C. Podratz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: The role of the candidate metastasis-suppressor gene nm23-H1 first characterized in breast cancer remains controversial, with both metastasis suppression and disease progression being linked to elevated nm23-H1 gene expression in different human tumor types. We sought to characterize (1) the pattern and intensity of nm23-H1/nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase expression in human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) and (2) the relationship between nm23-H1/NDP kinase expression and tumor extent at diagnosis (FIGO stage) and response to treatment as defined by progression- free survival and actuarial survival. Methods: Twenty-four patients with EOC aged 61.1 ± 13.0 (mean ± SD) years were followed for 614.0 ± 289.7 days after a debulking procedure, cisplatin-based chemotherapy (19 of 24), and second-look laparotomy (9 of 24). After the primary debulking procedure, 63% of patients had no or microscopic residual disease. Overnight incubation of formalin-fixed tumor sections at 4°C with primary rabbit polyclonal IgG antibody to human nm23-H1/NDP kinase was followed by detection with standard ABC method. Nonimmune rabbit serum and normal breast tissue served as controls. Immunohistochemical staining was graded by a clinically blinded observer for intensity of staining (0, negative; 1, weak; 3, strong), pattern of staining (focal or diffuse), and histologic grade of tumor (1 through 4). Results: Of the EOCs, 54% were histologic grade 3 or 4 and 58% were FIGO stage III; 88% (21 of 24) stained positively, and 18 of 21 stained strongly and 14 of 21 stained diffusely. No correlation was found between either intensity or pattern of nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining and histologic grade. No correlation was found between either staining pattern or intensity and FIGO stage. There was a trend toward decreased actuarial survival with both focal pattern (P = 0.12, log-rank test) and strong intensity (P = 0.15, log-rank test) of nm23-H1 staining. Decreased progression-free survival was likewise correlated with focal nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining pattern (P = 0.02, log-rank test) and strong intensity of nm23-H1/NDP kinase staining (P = 0.08, log-rank test). Conclusions: Expression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase is strongly upregulated in most EOCs. Redundant overexpression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase may contribute to deranged cell cycle progression and EOC proliferation. Pattern and intensity of nm23- H1/NDP kinase immunostaining of EOC tissue retrieved at primary operation may identify patients at risk for tumor progression and help guide treatment strategies. These findings suggest that nm23-H1 gene expression may have distinct if not opposite biologic functions in EOC and breast carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-372
Number of pages10
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996

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NM23 Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinases
Disease-Free Survival
Carcinoma
Proteins
Staining and Labeling
Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms
Rabbits
Gene Expression
Negative Staining
Survival
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Laparotomy
Formaldehyde
Cisplatin
Disease Progression
Cell Cycle
Breast
Immunoglobulin G

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Elevated nm23 protein expression is correlated with diminished progression-free survival in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma. / Srivatsa, Preeti J.; Cliby, William Arthur; Keeney, Gary; Dodson, Mark K.; Suman, Vera Jean; Roche, Patrick C.; Podratz, Karl C.

In: Gynecologic Oncology, Vol. 60, No. 3, 03.1996, p. 363-372.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{49abd42dec854910805a29c9dc79572f,
title = "Elevated nm23 protein expression is correlated with diminished progression-free survival in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma",
abstract = "Objectives: The role of the candidate metastasis-suppressor gene nm23-H1 first characterized in breast cancer remains controversial, with both metastasis suppression and disease progression being linked to elevated nm23-H1 gene expression in different human tumor types. We sought to characterize (1) the pattern and intensity of nm23-H1/nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase expression in human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) and (2) the relationship between nm23-H1/NDP kinase expression and tumor extent at diagnosis (FIGO stage) and response to treatment as defined by progression- free survival and actuarial survival. Methods: Twenty-four patients with EOC aged 61.1 ± 13.0 (mean ± SD) years were followed for 614.0 ± 289.7 days after a debulking procedure, cisplatin-based chemotherapy (19 of 24), and second-look laparotomy (9 of 24). After the primary debulking procedure, 63{\%} of patients had no or microscopic residual disease. Overnight incubation of formalin-fixed tumor sections at 4°C with primary rabbit polyclonal IgG antibody to human nm23-H1/NDP kinase was followed by detection with standard ABC method. Nonimmune rabbit serum and normal breast tissue served as controls. Immunohistochemical staining was graded by a clinically blinded observer for intensity of staining (0, negative; 1, weak; 3, strong), pattern of staining (focal or diffuse), and histologic grade of tumor (1 through 4). Results: Of the EOCs, 54{\%} were histologic grade 3 or 4 and 58{\%} were FIGO stage III; 88{\%} (21 of 24) stained positively, and 18 of 21 stained strongly and 14 of 21 stained diffusely. No correlation was found between either intensity or pattern of nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining and histologic grade. No correlation was found between either staining pattern or intensity and FIGO stage. There was a trend toward decreased actuarial survival with both focal pattern (P = 0.12, log-rank test) and strong intensity (P = 0.15, log-rank test) of nm23-H1 staining. Decreased progression-free survival was likewise correlated with focal nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining pattern (P = 0.02, log-rank test) and strong intensity of nm23-H1/NDP kinase staining (P = 0.08, log-rank test). Conclusions: Expression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase is strongly upregulated in most EOCs. Redundant overexpression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase may contribute to deranged cell cycle progression and EOC proliferation. Pattern and intensity of nm23- H1/NDP kinase immunostaining of EOC tissue retrieved at primary operation may identify patients at risk for tumor progression and help guide treatment strategies. These findings suggest that nm23-H1 gene expression may have distinct if not opposite biologic functions in EOC and breast carcinoma.",
author = "Srivatsa, {Preeti J.} and Cliby, {William Arthur} and Gary Keeney and Dodson, {Mark K.} and Suman, {Vera Jean} and Roche, {Patrick C.} and Podratz, {Karl C.}",
year = "1996",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1006/gyno.1996.0056",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "363--372",
journal = "Gynecologic Oncology",
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T1 - Elevated nm23 protein expression is correlated with diminished progression-free survival in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma

AU - Srivatsa, Preeti J.

AU - Cliby, William Arthur

AU - Keeney, Gary

AU - Dodson, Mark K.

AU - Suman, Vera Jean

AU - Roche, Patrick C.

AU - Podratz, Karl C.

PY - 1996/3

Y1 - 1996/3

N2 - Objectives: The role of the candidate metastasis-suppressor gene nm23-H1 first characterized in breast cancer remains controversial, with both metastasis suppression and disease progression being linked to elevated nm23-H1 gene expression in different human tumor types. We sought to characterize (1) the pattern and intensity of nm23-H1/nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase expression in human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) and (2) the relationship between nm23-H1/NDP kinase expression and tumor extent at diagnosis (FIGO stage) and response to treatment as defined by progression- free survival and actuarial survival. Methods: Twenty-four patients with EOC aged 61.1 ± 13.0 (mean ± SD) years were followed for 614.0 ± 289.7 days after a debulking procedure, cisplatin-based chemotherapy (19 of 24), and second-look laparotomy (9 of 24). After the primary debulking procedure, 63% of patients had no or microscopic residual disease. Overnight incubation of formalin-fixed tumor sections at 4°C with primary rabbit polyclonal IgG antibody to human nm23-H1/NDP kinase was followed by detection with standard ABC method. Nonimmune rabbit serum and normal breast tissue served as controls. Immunohistochemical staining was graded by a clinically blinded observer for intensity of staining (0, negative; 1, weak; 3, strong), pattern of staining (focal or diffuse), and histologic grade of tumor (1 through 4). Results: Of the EOCs, 54% were histologic grade 3 or 4 and 58% were FIGO stage III; 88% (21 of 24) stained positively, and 18 of 21 stained strongly and 14 of 21 stained diffusely. No correlation was found between either intensity or pattern of nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining and histologic grade. No correlation was found between either staining pattern or intensity and FIGO stage. There was a trend toward decreased actuarial survival with both focal pattern (P = 0.12, log-rank test) and strong intensity (P = 0.15, log-rank test) of nm23-H1 staining. Decreased progression-free survival was likewise correlated with focal nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining pattern (P = 0.02, log-rank test) and strong intensity of nm23-H1/NDP kinase staining (P = 0.08, log-rank test). Conclusions: Expression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase is strongly upregulated in most EOCs. Redundant overexpression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase may contribute to deranged cell cycle progression and EOC proliferation. Pattern and intensity of nm23- H1/NDP kinase immunostaining of EOC tissue retrieved at primary operation may identify patients at risk for tumor progression and help guide treatment strategies. These findings suggest that nm23-H1 gene expression may have distinct if not opposite biologic functions in EOC and breast carcinoma.

AB - Objectives: The role of the candidate metastasis-suppressor gene nm23-H1 first characterized in breast cancer remains controversial, with both metastasis suppression and disease progression being linked to elevated nm23-H1 gene expression in different human tumor types. We sought to characterize (1) the pattern and intensity of nm23-H1/nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase expression in human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) and (2) the relationship between nm23-H1/NDP kinase expression and tumor extent at diagnosis (FIGO stage) and response to treatment as defined by progression- free survival and actuarial survival. Methods: Twenty-four patients with EOC aged 61.1 ± 13.0 (mean ± SD) years were followed for 614.0 ± 289.7 days after a debulking procedure, cisplatin-based chemotherapy (19 of 24), and second-look laparotomy (9 of 24). After the primary debulking procedure, 63% of patients had no or microscopic residual disease. Overnight incubation of formalin-fixed tumor sections at 4°C with primary rabbit polyclonal IgG antibody to human nm23-H1/NDP kinase was followed by detection with standard ABC method. Nonimmune rabbit serum and normal breast tissue served as controls. Immunohistochemical staining was graded by a clinically blinded observer for intensity of staining (0, negative; 1, weak; 3, strong), pattern of staining (focal or diffuse), and histologic grade of tumor (1 through 4). Results: Of the EOCs, 54% were histologic grade 3 or 4 and 58% were FIGO stage III; 88% (21 of 24) stained positively, and 18 of 21 stained strongly and 14 of 21 stained diffusely. No correlation was found between either intensity or pattern of nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining and histologic grade. No correlation was found between either staining pattern or intensity and FIGO stage. There was a trend toward decreased actuarial survival with both focal pattern (P = 0.12, log-rank test) and strong intensity (P = 0.15, log-rank test) of nm23-H1 staining. Decreased progression-free survival was likewise correlated with focal nm23-H1/NDP kinase immunostaining pattern (P = 0.02, log-rank test) and strong intensity of nm23-H1/NDP kinase staining (P = 0.08, log-rank test). Conclusions: Expression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase is strongly upregulated in most EOCs. Redundant overexpression of nm23-H1/NDP kinase may contribute to deranged cell cycle progression and EOC proliferation. Pattern and intensity of nm23- H1/NDP kinase immunostaining of EOC tissue retrieved at primary operation may identify patients at risk for tumor progression and help guide treatment strategies. These findings suggest that nm23-H1 gene expression may have distinct if not opposite biologic functions in EOC and breast carcinoma.

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