Electrocortical source imaging of intracranial EEG data in epilepsy

Zeynep Akalin Acar, Jason Palmer, Gregory Worrell, Scott Makeig

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we report first results of numerical methods for modeling the dynamic structure and evolution of epileptic seizure activity in an intracranial subdural electrode recording from a patient with partial refractory epilepsy. A 16-min dataset containing two seizures was decomposed using up to five competing adaptive mixture independent component analysis (AMICA) models. Multiple models modeled early or late ictal, or pre- or post-ictal periods in the data, respectively. To localize sources, a realistic Boundary Element Method (BEM) head model was constructed for the patient with custom open skull and plastic (non-conductive) electrode holder features. Source localization was performed using Sparse Bayesian Learning (SBL) on a dictionary of overlapping multi-scale cortical patches constructed from 80,130 dipoles in gray matter perpendicular to the cortical surface. Remaining mutual information among seizure-model AMICA components was dominated by two dependent component subspaces with largely contiguous source domains localized to superior frontal gyrus and precen-tral gyrus; these accounted for most of the ictal activity. Similar though much weaker dependent subspaces were also revealed in pre-ictal data by the associated AMICA model. Electrocortical source imaging appears promising both for clinical epilepsy research and for basic cognitive neuroscience research using volunteer patients who must undergo invasive monitoring for medical purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011
Pages3909-3912
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 26 2011
Event33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 30 2011Sep 3 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period8/30/119/3/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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    Acar, Z. A., Palmer, J., Worrell, G., & Makeig, S. (2011). Electrocortical source imaging of intracranial EEG data in epilepsy. In 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011 (pp. 3909-3912). [6090971] (Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS). https://doi.org/10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6090971