Electrocardiogram-Gated Computed Tomography with Coronary Angiography for Cardiac Substructure Delineation and Sparing in Patients with Mediastinal Lymphomas Treated with Radiation Therapy

Scott C. Lester, Kekoa Taparra, Molly M. Petersen, Ryan K. Funk, Miran J. Blanchard, Phillip M Young, Joerg Herrmann, Ashley E. Hunzeker, Heather L. Schultz, Cynthia McCollough, Alexandria M. Tasson, Shuai Leng, James A Jr. Martenson, Amanda J. Deisher, Thomas J. Whitaker, Eric E. Williamson, Nadia N. Laack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: (1) Demonstrate feasibility of electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography with coronary angiography (E-CTA) in treatment planning for mediastinal lymphoma and (2) assess whether inclusion of cardiac substructures in the radiation plan optimization (CSS optimization) results in increased cardiac substructure sparing. Methods and Materials: Patients with mediastinal lymphomas requiring radiation therapy were prospectively enrolled in an observational study. Patients completed a treatment planning computed tomography scan and E-CTA in the deep inspiration breath hold position. Avoidance structures (eg, coronary arteries and cardiac valves) were created in systole and diastole and then merged into a single planning organ-at-risk volume based on a cardiac substructure contouring atlas. In the photon cohort, 2 volumetric modulated arc therapy plans were created per patient with and without CSS optimization. Dosimetric endpoints were compared. Results: In the photon cohort, 7 patients were enrolled. For all 7 patients, the treating physician elected to use the CSS optimization plan. At the individual level, 2 patients had reductions of 10.8% and 16.2% of the right coronary artery receiving at least 15 Gy, and 1 had a reduction of 9.6% of the left anterior descending artery receiving 30 Gy. No other differences for coronary arteries were detected between 15 and 30 Gy. Conversely, 5 of 7 patients had >10% reductions in dose between 15 to 30 Gy to at least 1 cardiac valve. The greatest reduction was 22.8% of the aortic valve receiving at least 30 Gy for 1 patient. At the cohort level, the maximum, mean, and 5-Gy increment analyses were nominally similar between planning techniques for all cardiac substructures and the lungs. Conclusions: Cardiac substructure delineation using E-CTA was feasible, and inclusion in optimization led to modest improvements in sparing of radiosensitive cardiac substructures for some patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPractical Radiation Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Lester, S. C., Taparra, K., Petersen, M. M., Funk, R. K., Blanchard, M. J., Young, P. M., Herrmann, J., Hunzeker, A. E., Schultz, H. L., McCollough, C., Tasson, A. M., Leng, S., Martenson, J. A. J., Deisher, A. J., Whitaker, T. J., Williamson, E. E., & Laack, N. N. (Accepted/In press). Electrocardiogram-Gated Computed Tomography with Coronary Angiography for Cardiac Substructure Delineation and Sparing in Patients with Mediastinal Lymphomas Treated with Radiation Therapy. Practical Radiation Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prro.2019.10.016