OBJECTIVE. The purpose of our study was to determine the MR and CT appearances of elastofibroma and correlate the imaging features with the underlying pathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We reviewed retrospectively the MR and CT findings in five cases of elastofibroma. All patients had a soft-tissue mass; one patient also complained of pain. The mean age of the patients was 71 years (range, 63-79 years). Four lesions occurred in the subscapular region, and one occurred in the thigh. In addition, we reviewed and compared the demographic data of 72 histologically proved cases for which we had archival data. RESULTS. Three of four lesions evaluated with spin-echo MR imaging were approximately isointense with skeletal muscle and contained areas with a signal intensity similar to that of fat; these corresponded to areas of dense collagen and interspersed fat, respectively. In the fourth case, the MR appearance was nonspecific. In one case, MR imaging with gadopentetate dimeglumine showed areas with and without enhancement. Three of four lesions evaluated with CT had variable margins, with tissue attenuation similar to that of the adjacent soft tissue as well as scattered areas of decreased attenuation, suggesting fat within the lesion. In one case, the lesion was well defined and relatively homogeneous with an attenuation less than that of skeletal muscle. CONCLUSION. The MR and CT features of elastofibroma are different from those of most other soft- tissue tumors, reflecting entrapped fat within a predominantly fibrous mass. Although these features are not pathognomonic, their presence in a subscapular lesion in an older patient suggests a presumptive diagnosis of elastofibroma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging